The study was led by researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid and the Complutense University of Madrid, among other institutions.(Unsplash)
The study was led by researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid and the Complutense University of Madrid, among other institutions.(Unsplash)

Researchers use video games to identify attention deficit disorder in children

Adapting a traditional endless runner video game and using a raccoon as its protagonist, a team of researchers has developed a platform that allows the identification and evaluation of the degree of ADHD in children and adolescents.
By Asian News International | Posted by Jahnavi Gupta | Washington [US]
UPDATED ON DEC 22, 2020 12:35 PM IST

Adapting a traditional endless runner video game and using a raccoon as its protagonist, a team of researchers has developed a platform that allows the identification and evaluation of the degree of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents.

The study was led by researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) and the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM, in its Spanish acronym), among other institutions.

ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder with an estimated prevalence of 7.2 per cent in children and adolescents, according to the latest evaluations. It is clinically diagnosed on the basis of the judgement of healthcare professionals using the patient’s medical history, often supported by scales completed by caregivers and/or teachers. No diagnostic test has been developed for ADHD to date.

In a paper recently published in Brain Sciences, this team of researchers proposed using a video game that children are already familiar with to identify the symptoms of ADHD and evaluate the severity of the lack of attention in each case.

In this game genre, the player has a running avatar, which they have to use to avoid different obstacles on their way. “In our game, the avatar is a raccoon that has to jump in order to avoid falling into holes it encounters on its route,” explains David Delgado Gomez, the lead author and professor at the UC3M’s Department of Statistics.

“We hypothesise that children diagnosed with ADHD inattentive subtype will make more mistakes by omission and will jump closer to the hole as a result of the symptoms of inattention,” says another author Inmaculada Penuelas Calvo, a psychiatrist at Jimenez Diaz Foundation University Hospital and professor at the UCM’s Department of Personality, Evaluation and Clinical Psychology.

The main benefit of this study is that it allows symptoms of attention deficiency to be directly identified so that the severity of the patient’s inattention can be objectively assessed, say the researchers. Therefore, it could be used to supplement the initial diagnosis as well as to assess the evolution of symptoms or even the effectiveness of treatment.

There are also other important advantages such as the fact that each test would only take seven minutes to complete and does not require specific hardware, which reduces its cost significantly. In fact, conventional personal computers, tablets, or mobile devices can be used, allowing remote assessments to be done. “Our results indicate that a shorter test may be enough to accurately assess the clinical symptoms of ADHD. This feature makes it particularly attractive in clinical settings where there is a lack of time,” the researchers note.

A rapid test that allows early diagnosis

The study was carried out in collaboration with a group of 32 children, between 8 and 16 years of age, diagnosed with ADHD by the Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Unit at the Jimenez Diaz Foundation University Hospital. As each child was taking the test, supervised by a trained professional, the appropriate caregiver completed the inattention subscale in the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and normal behaviour symptom classification scale (SWAN), which is an inventory of reports from parents and caregivers developed to evaluate the ADHD symptoms.

In the game, the raccoon has to jump over 180 holes that are grouped into 18 blocks. “Each block is identified by the speed of the raccoon, the length of the trunk, and the width of the hole. The length of the trunk and the speed of the avatar determine the time between stimuli, which is about 1.5, 2.5, and 3.5 seconds, while the width of the hole determines how difficult it is to jump over,” Penuelas explains.

Currently, ADHD diagnosis depends mainly on the healthcare professionals’ experience and the teacher or caregiver’s observation skills. Several studies have determined that these assessments may be altered, by affective factors for example. Therefore, “the development of diagnostic methods such as those proposed in this paper may favour early diagnosis and thus improve these patients’ prognosis,” Gomez concludes.

(This story has been published from a wire agency feed without modifications to the text.)

Follow more stories on Facebook and Twitter

SHARE THIS ARTICLE ON
Close
Mouni Roy aces flowy vibrant silhouette in green A-line Jaipuri crepe kurta set(Instagram/imouniroy)
Mouni Roy aces flowy vibrant silhouette in green A-line Jaipuri crepe kurta set(Instagram/imouniroy)

Mouni Roy aces flowy vibrant silhouette in green A-line Jaipuri crepe kurta set

By Zarafshan Shiraz
UPDATED ON MAR 09, 2021 01:37 PM IST
  • Mouni Roy shows how to give the Spring wardrobe a fresh makeover and her latest pictures in a Jaipuri print green A-line crepe kurta-pants with net dupatta are proof
Close
Janhvi Kapoor gives sensual twist to high street in corset top, blazer dress(Instagram/janhvikapoor/mohitrai)
Janhvi Kapoor gives sensual twist to high street in corset top, blazer dress(Instagram/janhvikapoor/mohitrai)

Janhvi Kapoor gives sensual twist to high street in corset top, blazer dress

By Zarafshan Shiraz
UPDATED ON MAR 09, 2021 12:12 PM IST
  • Janhvi Kapoor offers a fresh and unique mix of femininity with a modern edge at Roohi promotions in a rose print corset top and hot pink corset blazer dress and we are bookmarking both of these looks to add a sensual and seductive vibe to our summer closet, without burning a hole in our pocket
Close
Ibrahim Ali Khan(Varinder Chawla)
Ibrahim Ali Khan(Varinder Chawla)

'Love is in the air' but Ibrahim Ali Khan 'can't breathe' as he steps out in red

By Alfea Jamal, Hindustan Times, Delhi
UPDATED ON MAR 09, 2021 12:19 PM IST
Ibrahim Ali Khan recently turned 20, and celebrated his birthday with the who's who of the film industry. The quieter Khan sibling was spotted stepping out in Mumbai wearing a (surprisingly affordable) graphic tee that had a lot to say.
Close
Star and Disney India introduces new group for women and LGBTQ employees(Twitter/DisneyStudiosIN/DisneyIndia)
Star and Disney India introduces new group for women and LGBTQ employees(Twitter/DisneyStudiosIN/DisneyIndia)

Star and Disney India introduces new group for women and LGBTQ employees

PTI
UPDATED ON MAR 09, 2021 10:19 AM IST
In an effort to foster an equal, inclusive and bias-free workplace and steps up diversity and inclusion efforts, Star and Disney India have introduced a new diversity resource group for women and LGBTQ employees
Close
Banksy's 'Game Changer' painting to raise millions for UK health service staff(Instagram/banksy)
Banksy's 'Game Changer' painting to raise millions for UK health service staff(Instagram/banksy)

Banksy's 'Game Changer' painting to raise millions for UK health service staff

AFP
UPDATED ON MAR 09, 2021 10:06 AM IST
  • Auction house Christie's said Banksy's 'Game Changer' painting will go on sale on March 23 and has a pre-sale estimate of between £2.5 - 3.5 million ($3.5-4.8 million, 2.9-4.1 million euros)
Close
Night shift work may increase cancer risk? Here's what study has to say(Photo by Helena Lopes on Unsplash)
Night shift work may increase cancer risk? Here's what study has to say(Photo by Helena Lopes on Unsplash)

Night shift work may increase cancer risk? Here's what study has to say

ANI
UPDATED ON MAR 09, 2021 09:49 AM IST
Amid mounting evidence that cancer is more prevalent in night shift workers, which led the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer to classify night shift work as a probable carcinogenic, a new research reveals clues
Close
Aditi Rao Hydari serves luxurious elegance in sexy white top, carpet print pants(Instagram/sanamratansi)
Aditi Rao Hydari serves luxurious elegance in sexy white top, carpet print pants(Instagram/sanamratansi)

Aditi Rao Hydari serves luxurious elegance in sexy white top, carpet print pants

By Zarafshan Shiraz
UPDATED ON MAR 09, 2021 09:21 AM IST
  • Aditi Rao Hydari sets mercury soaring with her sizzling look in a white gathered top with smock detail and a pair of carpet print pants that are ravishing enough to make fashionistas’ jaws drop in awe this weekday
Close
Coronavirus vaccines from Pfizer, BioNTech neutralises Covid-19 Brazil variant(Twitter/consumerconnekt)
Coronavirus vaccines from Pfizer, BioNTech neutralises Covid-19 Brazil variant(Twitter/consumerconnekt)

Coronavirus vaccines from Pfizer, BioNTech neutralises Covid-19 Brazil variant

Reuters
UPDATED ON MAR 09, 2021 08:23 AM IST
Pfizer has said it believes its current Covid-19 vaccine is highly likely to still protect against the South African variant but is planning to test a third booster dose of it as well as a version retooled specifically to combat the variant in order to better understand the immune response
Close
US to accept new visa applications by those denied due to Trump 'Muslim ban'(Twitter/USAinKSA)
US to accept new visa applications by those denied due to Trump 'Muslim ban'(Twitter/USAinKSA)

US to accept new visa applications by those denied due to Trump 'Muslim ban'

Reuters
UPDATED ON MAR 09, 2021 07:54 AM IST
In a bid to overturn Trump's so-called Muslim ban, Joe Biden's government said applicants who were refused visas prior to Jan 20, 2020, must submit new applications and fees while those who were denied on or after Jan. 20, 2020, may seek reconsideration
Close
Bhumi Pednekar in a fringed ensemble by Falguni Shane Peacock (Photo: Instagram/ThePeacockMagazine)
Bhumi Pednekar in a fringed ensemble by Falguni Shane Peacock (Photo: Instagram/ThePeacockMagazine)

Fall’s fringe fever

By Manish Mishra
PUBLISHED ON MAR 09, 2021 12:34 AM IST
It’s been a fashion season of gyrating fringes seen on the runways of the recently concluded New York, London and Milan Fashion Weeks
Close
A model in a Maria Grazia Chiuri’s AW 21 creation showcased in a digital film shot at the hallowed Hall of Mirrors of the Château de Versailles. (Photo: Instagram/Dior)
A model in a Maria Grazia Chiuri’s AW 21 creation showcased in a digital film shot at the hallowed Hall of Mirrors of the Château de Versailles. (Photo: Instagram/Dior)

Schoolgirl chic meets gothic fantasy

By Manish Mishra
UPDATED ON MAR 09, 2021 12:41 AM IST
Maria Grazia Chiuri offers a powerful paradox - clashing innocent preppiness with a nimble nonchalance
Close
What’s in store for Aries, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio and other zodiac signs.
What’s in store for Aries, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio and other zodiac signs.

Horoscope Today: Astrological prediction for March 9

By Dr Prem Kumar Sharma, Manisha Koushik, Delhi
PUBLISHED ON MAR 09, 2021 12:10 AM IST
Daily horoscope: Are the stars lined up in your favour? Find out the astrological prediction for Aries, Leo, Virgo, Libra and other zodiac signs for March 9.
Close
Here are some women achievers sharing their experiences and vision
Here are some women achievers sharing their experiences and vision

International Women’s Day: A toast to the fierce, fabulous female

By Digvijay and Sanchita Kalra
PUBLISHED ON MAR 08, 2021 07:34 PM IST
On the occasion of International Women’s Day today, here’s toasting to each and every incredibly inspiring woman. We get to you some eminent personalities who share their take on the evolving roles of women in the post pandemic world
Close
"We need to consider a spectrum of dietary and lifestyle changes based on different age groups and gender," she said. "There is not one healthy diet that will work for everyone. There is not one fix."(Unsplash)
"We need to consider a spectrum of dietary and lifestyle changes based on different age groups and gender," she said. "There is not one healthy diet that will work for everyone. There is not one fix."(Unsplash)

Customized diets may optimize mental health, claims study

ANI, New York [us]
PUBLISHED ON MAR 08, 2021 06:12 PM IST
A study claimed that while a balanced diet is advisable to provide the body all the essential nutrients, customized diets and lifestyle changes could be key to optimising mental health.
Close
Shilpa Shetty paints Women’s Day red with love in handcrafted Bandhani dress(Instagram/theshilpashetty)
Shilpa Shetty paints Women’s Day red with love in handcrafted Bandhani dress(Instagram/theshilpashetty)

Shilpa Shetty paints Women’s Day red with love in handcrafted Bandhani dress

By Zarafshan Shiraz
UPDATED ON MAR 08, 2021 05:59 PM IST
  • ‘Ready Shetty Go’: Shilpa Shetty Kundra dolls up in a handcrafted red and white Bandhani shirt and skirt on Women’s Day 2021 to shoot for another episode of Super Dancer Chapter 4 and fans can’t stop swooning over her outfit of the day
Close
SHARE
Story Saved
OPEN APP