Taking high doses of apricot kernel extract could be lethal
Touted as a natural cancer shield, apricot kernels also contain cyanide and could be fatal if taken in high doses.Updated: Sep 12, 2017 15:34 IST
A man who for five years took daily doses of apricot kernel extract – touted as a natural cancer shield – ended up with cyanide poisoning, according to a medical journal.
The problem was discovered when abnormally low oxygen levels were measured in the man’s blood while he was under anaesthesia for an operation, doctors wrote in BMJ Case Reports. Blood tests showed alarmingly high levels of cyanide.
When he woke up, the man told doctors he had been taking a daily dose of two teaspoons of homemade apricot kernel extract for five years. He also took three daily tablets of an herbal fruit kernel supplement.
The problem is that apricot kernels – for all the health benefits vaunted by online merchants – also contain cyanide. The man was taking more than 17 milligrammes of the extract every day, enough to raise blood cyanide to about 25 times acceptable levels, said the team. According to medical websites, 50 milligrammes – or the equivalent of one to two teaspoons – of the poison taken orally would be enough to kill a person weighing about 72kg.
The man’s case showed that “self-prescription with complementary medicines can result in potentially harmful toxicities”, and the problem may be more common than thought, researchers concluded. Doctors explained the cyanide concerns to the man, they said, “but he nevertheless opted to continue” his self-treatment.
First Published: Sep 12, 2017 15:34 IST