Mughals, Rajputs reduced to single chapter in history textbooks across Maharashtra
At least five chapters on the rise and fall of major dynasties in India have been condensed into one chapter — India before the times of Shivaji MaharajUpdated: Aug 08, 2017, 09:22 IST
The new syllabus for Class 7 and 9 of the Maharashtra state education board has been written from the state’s point of view, said the school education department. History of other regional powers such as the Cholas, Rajputs and the Vijayanagar kingdom have been cut short along with that of the Mughal dynasty. Board officials said this was done to make space for significant events that occurred after the Independence.
At least five chapters on the rise and fall of major dynasties in India have been condensed into one chapter — India before the times of Shivaji Maharaj. Pertaining the Mughal rule, only those events which had an impact on Maharashtra have been mentioned. Another chapter on the social life during the Mughal era, which mentioned their architecture such as the Taj Mahal and Fatehpur Sikri among others has been dropped.
The new textbook includes a page-long note for the teachers, explaining the new approach. It reads: “The special feature of this presentation is that it focuses on Maharashtra. Even though our state is part of the Republic of India, if we study history from the perspective of Maharashtra, we will understand the position, role and contribution of Maharashtra in the History of India, and the students will develop a more mature national feeling.”
It adds that understanding the foundation of Swaraj by Shivaji in the 17th century and the situation in India and the state before his rise is important to get a perspective on the Indian history.
“We have changed the perception of the textbook, as mentioned in it,” said Mogal Jadhav, member-secretary of the history subject committee, which rewrote the book. “We have written the book from point of view of Maratha history, so only those incidents relevant to it have been printed.”
Officials said the new syllabus was finalised in 2016, after calling for suggestions and objections from the public. The revised syllabus was uploaded on ebalbharti.in for public opinion. “We did not receive any objections to the proposed changes, and the textbooks were designed and printed on the basis of the approved syllabus,” said Sunil Magar, director of the textbook publishing bureau (Balbharti).
City teachers said while the new textbook is concise, it has not skipped any important national events. “Certain chapters have been clubbed together and regional dynasties have been mentioned in brief, but it has covered everything,” said a history teacher from St Mary’s School, Mazgaon on the condition of anonymity. She added that teachers are free to go in depth on their own. “I attended a training session organised for the new textbook, which said that teachers can elaborate on the information through research, projects and various other means.”