Sex ratio in Pune drops 25 points within 6 months
The current drop in sex ratio has been the highest in Washim followed by Pune and OsmanabadUpdated: Aug 05, 2017, 15:15 IST
The sex ratio within the Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) limits has considerably dropped from 934 in 2016 to 909 within the first six months in 2017, according to the latest reports. Sex ratio is the number of girls born per 1,000 boys a year.
The state’s figure has also seen a marked dip in the past two years, from 907 in 2015 to 899 in 2017. The current drop in sex ratio has been the highest in Washim followed by Pune and Osmanabad.
Dr Vashali Jadhav, in-charge of Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) cell said, “We have been conducting regular drives and the exact reason for this drop cannot be ascertained as this is a half-yearly number. We have been filing cases regularly and will continue to do so.”
Sources from the Pune health department said that the strike by radiologists last year against the PCPNDT cell has resulted in fewer actions being taken against doctors who illegally disclose the gender of the foetus, which has in turn resulted in the drop in sex ratio.
According to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) carried out during 2015-2016, there were 991 girl child for every 1,000 male children. The statistics for Maharashtra was recorded at 952 and that of Pune district was 953.The sex ratio in the state in 2001 was 913 which dropped to 883 in 2011. Experts have stated that the sex ratio had improved between 2011 and 2014, but has dipped after that.
As per the statistics received from the PMC's health department, the sex ratio in Pune grew in 2012 to 939 from 888 in 2011. In 2013, there was a small drop to 933 and in 2014, the sex ratio was 937. In 2015, it reduced to 925 and in 2016, it was 934. In 2017, within six months, it has dropped to 909.
Activist Kiran Moghe said, "The doctors are motivated commercially to practise sex selection. It is everyone's responsibility to save the girl child, but firstly, it is the onus of the medical fraternity which we can’t forget. At present, a mindset change is required, but just having that would not be enough and the law should also be followed strictly.” She added that the mindset change in the medical fraternity will also help a lot in preventing such drops in sex ratio.
According to municipal officials, the sex ratio figure is ascertained on the basis of birth registration as it is mandatory whether the mother delivers at hospital or home. The indicators are overall sex ratio, child sex ratio and sex ratio at birth.