3 Chinese astronauts return to Earth after 90 days in space

The return capsule of the Shenzhou-12 manned spaceship, carrying Nie Haisheng, Liu Boming and Tang Hongbo, touched down at the Dongfeng landing site in north China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
In this file photo, Chinese astronauts Nie Haisheng (C), Liu Boming (R) and Tang Hongbo wave during a departure ceremony before boarding the Shenzhou-12 spacecraft on a Long March-2F carrier rocket at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre in the Gobi desert in northwest China. The three astronauts have completed the country’s longest crewed mission and returned to Earth. (AFP)
In this file photo, Chinese astronauts Nie Haisheng (C), Liu Boming (R) and Tang Hongbo wave during a departure ceremony before boarding the Shenzhou-12 spacecraft on a Long March-2F carrier rocket at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre in the Gobi desert in northwest China. The three astronauts have completed the country’s longest crewed mission and returned to Earth. (AFP)
Published on Sep 17, 2021 01:09 PM IST
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By Sutirtho Patranobis I Edited by Amit Chanda

Three Chinese astronauts, the first to be sent to orbit for space station-construction, returned to Earth on Friday, after completing their three-month mission including two spacewalks and setting the Chinese record for the longest crewed spaceflight mission.

“The return capsule of the Shenzhou-12 manned spaceship, carrying astronauts Nie Haisheng, Liu Boming and Tang Hongbo, touched down at the Dongfeng landing site in north China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region,” the China Manned Space Agency (CMSA) said.

Earlier in the day, the official news agency, Xinhua, tracking the return, reported that the return capsule had entered the Earth’s atmosphere and its main parachute had been successfully deployed and its descent speed was slowing down.

The Shenzhou-12 return module separated from the propellant of the spacecraft at around 1pm local time; the propellant burnt down as it travelled through Earth’s atmosphere after it separated from the return cabin.

“The whole process was so smooth that Tang Hongbo was seen playing with a pen during the process of returning to Earth,” the Global Times said in a report.

“Real gold fears no fire,” Nie Haisheng joked with his fellow crew, citing a Chinese proverb as they re-entered the Earth’s atmosphere.

In June, China had launched the manned spacecraft Shenzhou-12 carrying three astronauts to work at an under-construction space station for three months, the longest stay in low earth orbit by any Chinese national.

It was China’s seventh crewed mission to space, the first during the construction of China’s space station, and also the first in nearly five years after the country’s last manned mission in 2016, state media reported.

A Long March 2F rocket transporting the Shenzhou-12, or “Divine Vessel”, bound for the space station module Tianhe blasted off from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre in northwestern Gansu province on June 17.

Since 2003, China has launched six crewed missions and sent 11 astronauts into space, including Zhai Zhigang, who carried out China’s first spacewalk ever on the 2008 Shenzhou mission.

On May 30, a cargo spacecraft carrying supplies including food and equipment docked with China’s first space station’s key module Tianhe as part of the preparation for the station to host three astronauts this month.

The unmanned Tianzhou-2, or “Heavenly Vessel” in Chinese, docked with Tianhe (the key module).

In recent months, China has returned rock and soil samples to Earth from the surface of the moon and landed a six-wheeled robot on Mars; it also landed a craft on the far side of the moon in 2019.

Once built, China’s space station will be the only alternative to the two-decade-old, US-led International Space Station (ISS), which may be retired in 2024, Reuters news agency reported.

The ISS - from which China is excluded - comprises Canada, Japan, the Russian Federation, the US, and 11 member states of the European Space Agency.

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Monday, October 18, 2021