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Catalans to appear in court over ‘sedition’ after referendum outlawed by Spain

Violence erupted last weekend during Catalonia’s independence referendum outlawed by Madrid, and Catalan leaders have threatened to declare independence within days.

world Updated: Oct 06, 2017 11:37 IST
AFP, Madrid
Spain,Catalonia referendum,Catalonia
People hold Catalan pro-independence 'Estelada' flags in Barcelona during a general strike in Catalonia.(AFP Photo)

Prominent pro-independence Catalans are due to appear before a Spanish judge over allegations of sedition Friday, a move that may further escalate tensions between the regional and national governments.

Violence erupted last weekend during Catalonia’s independence referendum outlawed by Madrid, and Catalan leaders have threatened to declare independence within days.

The National Court in Madrid has summoned Catalonia’s police chief Josep Luis Trapero and three other suspects placed under investigation for alleged sedition to a hearing on Friday.

The accusations refer to unrest in Barcelona on September 20 and 21 after national security forces raided regional government offices in a crackdown against the independence drive.

That police action was met with furious protests and the Catalan regional police were accused of failing to intervene.

The court also summoned the leaders of two prominent Catalan pro-independence civil groups involved in the demonstrations, Jordi Cuixart of Omnium Cultural and Jordi Sanchez of the Catalan National Assembly (ANC), and another senior Catalan police official, Teresa Laplana.

Protesters hold a giant Catalan pro-independence 'Estelada' flag during a demonstration at the Placa de la Universitat square in Barcelona. (AFP Photo)

The social and economic stakes of Spain’s deepest political crisis in a generation mounted Thursday as banks planned to shift their domiciles from the region and rival footballers weighed in.

Catalan regional president Carles Puigdemont lashed out at the government’s “catastrophic” handling of the crisis and said he was open to mediation.

But Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy’s office retorted that the government “will not accept blackmail”.

‘Not afraid of jail’

The threat to declare independence -- possibly during Monday’s plenary session in the regional parliament -- has raised tensions in the stand-off.

The Constitutional Court on Thursday ordered the session to be suspended while it hears an appeal by rival politicians.

It said the parliament’s leaders could face criminal action if they ignore the court order.

Puigdemont and other Catalan leaders have said they are not afraid of going to jail over their independence bid.

They carried out the referendum in defiance of a ban by the Spanish court and stern warnings from the national government in Madrid.

Police violence

Thursday’s ruling raised the question of how the Spanish state will respond if Catalans decide to push ahead with Monday’s session.

The vote on Sunday saw shocking scenes of police with batons beating unarmed voters.

It was not carried out according to regular electoral standards but Puigdemont said it had lent legitimacy to the independence drive.

If Catalonia declares independence, Spain could respond by suspending the region’s existing autonomous status and imposing direct rule from Madrid.

The speaker of the Catalan parliament Carme Forcadell warned such a move “would just increase support for the pro-independence side.”

Economic fears

With its own language and cultural traditions, demands for independence in Catalonia date back centuries but have surged during recent years of economic crisis.

Catalonia is the country’s richest region, accounting for a fifth of Spain’s economy and is home to thousands of domestic and foreign companies employing millions of people.

Spain’s fifth-biggest bank Sabadell decided on Thursday to shift its registered domicile away from Catalonia in an administrative process expected to take a few days, a company spokesperson said Thursday.

Catalonia’s biggest lender CaixaBank will also hold discussions on Friday about possibly shifting its legal domicile out of the region, a source close to the matter told AFP.

Anti-independence demonstrators shout slogans and wave Spanish flags in support of Spain's security forces in front of a Guardia Civil barracks in Sant Boi de LLobregat, in the outskirts of Barcelona, Spain. (AP Photo)

Fitch on Thursday warned it may downgrade the sovereign debt rating of Catalonia, a day after fellow ratings agency Standard & Poor’s issued a similar report, saying political tensions between the central government and its regional counterpart “are likely to worsen over the short term”.

Spain’s finance minister Luis de Guindos played down the economic threat, insisting Spain would block independence.

“This is not a question of mediation... This is a question about enforcing the law,” he told Bloomberg news agency.

Footballers speak out

Barcelona Football Club, a powerful symbol of Catalan identity, and its captain Andres Iniesta called for dialogue to settle the crisis.

“Before we do any more harm, those who are responsible for all this must hold dialogue. Do it for all of us. We deserve to live in peace,” Iniesta wrote on Facebook.

His Spain team mate Sergio Ramos of Real Madrid said he hoped the crisis will be “resolved as soon as possible,” speaking at a news conference ahead of Friday’s World Cup qualifier against Albania.

But Ramos also said “hats off” to Spain’s King Felipe, who angered Catalan leaders by calling them to drop their independence drive.

Madrid branded Sunday’s vote a “farce” and Felipe VI sided with the central government, accusing separatist leaders of endangering Spain’s “stability”.

Elsewhere on Thursday, a summit of southern European Union countries scheduled next week in Nicosia was postponed due to the Catalan crisis, Cyprus President Nicos Anastasiades announced.

First Published: Oct 06, 2017 11:37 IST