Major Indian earthquakes

Recorded seismic history in India is comparatively recent, going back to only two centuries.

india Updated: Mar 14, 2003 11:46 IST
PTI

Recorded seismic history in India is comparatively recent, going back to only two centuries. While there must have been major earthquakes in the past, information on them is rather sketchy, usually gleamed from literary sources.

However the last two hundred years have seen an increasingly scientific recording of quakes, including their magnitude and effects.

Some of the major quakes since 1800:
Year
Place & DateMagnitude
1737Calcutta, Bengal > 6
1819Kachchh June 16, 8
1833Bihar-Nepal August 26, 7.5
1897Assam June 12, 8.7
1905Kangra April 4, 8
1934Bihar-Nepal June 15, 8.4
1950Assam August 15, 8.7
1967Koyna, Maharashtra Dec 11, 6.3
1975Kinnaur, Himachal Pradesh Jan 19, 6.8
1988Assam August 6, 7.0
1991Uttarkashi, Uttranchal Oct 18, 7.5
2001Bhuj, Gujarat, Jan 26. 7.9

Chronology of major earthquakes in the country

August 15, 1950: 1,538 killed in earthquake measuring 8.5 on the Richter scale in Assam.
August 20, 1988: More than 1000 killed in Bihar.
October 20, 1991: More than 1,000 killed and thousands injured as earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter scale rocks Uttarkashi hills.
September 30, 1993: Around 10,000 killed and thousands injured in Latur and Osmanabad areas in a quake measuring 6 on the Richter scale.
May 22, 1997: 43 killed and over 1000 injured in Jabalpur.
April 23, 1999: More than 110 killed and over 300 injured as an earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter rocks Chamoli, Rudraprayag and other hill areas of Uttaranchal.

First Published: Mar 05, 2003 15:37 IST