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Om Tat Sat

These three words are dynamically potent and symbolize the core principle of Hinduism, says Dr KK Aggarwal.

india Updated: Oct 25, 2005 18:41 IST
Dr KK Aggarwal
Dr KK Aggarwal

These three words are dynamically potent and symbolize the core principle of Hinduism.

Om, phonetically and logically signifies the primordial sound. It is said that all the Vedas dissolve into the Gayatri and the Gayatri itself dissolves into Om. It is perhaps for this reason that almost all Vedic Shlokas (verses) begin with the word Om.

1. Om Tat Satmeans: "Om as the vital force (Pranavayu) is the key element (Tat) in all existence (Sat)". It implies that God is breath of life force itself. And that this Life Force is all pervading in the entire Creation.

2. Om- indication of the Supreme; tat - that; sat – eternal. From the beginning of creation, the three words oM tat sat are used to indicate the Supreme Absolute Truth. These three symbolic representations were used by braahmanas while chanting the hymns of the Vedas and during sacrifices for the satisfaction of the Supreme. (bhagavad-gita 17.23)

3. According to Srila Prabhupda Om tat sat indicates the Supreme Absolute Truth (the Supreme Person Lord Vishnu).

4. Rishis contemplate the form of the syllable Om at the beginning of every sacrifice or rite, and then they utter it clearly. What light is in darkness, the utterance of this syllable, Pranava, is in all actions.

The syllable Tatrefers to Brahman, self-illuminating and beyond the three worlds, existing before the universe. As soon as there is any fruit arising out of yajna, dana or tapas - sacrifice, charity or self-mastery - Sages utter the syllable Tat so that these fruits may go their way towards Brahman. Tat symbolizes the offering of all results to Brahman, so as to say 'not mine'. What was begun with Om is given away with Tat

Uttering the syllable Sat destroys all unreal forms and points to one Supreme Self, unchanging in time or space. The visible world is unreal and has no power, and when real potency is recognized, it is self-realization.

5.Om is the sound of Om heard in deep meditation. Om is the vibratory
creation. Tat is the light seen in deep meditation. Tat is the God consciousness. Sat is the bliss beyond creation experienced in deep meditation.

6. Sat is the creator. Tat is the created. Om is the creating.

7. The whole world has evolved from Om; The whole word is sustained by Om; The whole world will merge into Om- In Om resides my strength-Sivayave. OM TAT SAT OM

8. Om represents the transcendental reality that is beyond attributes, beyond gunas, beyond name and form, beyond maya. Tat is 'that'. Sat is 'real'. That is real and this existence is real.

9.When we are predominantly sattwic we follow the course of meditation directly- close
your eyes, bring the mind to one point and chant OmTatSat. It is a bija mantra.

10. Threefold name of God:"OM TAT SAT" is said to be the threefold name of the Eternal Being (Brahm). Persons with good (Braahmanic) qualities, the Vedas, and the selfless service (Seva, Yajn) were created by and from Brahm in the ancient time. (17.23) Therefore, acts of sacrifice, charity, and austerity prescribed in the scriptures are always commenced by uttering "OM" by the knowers of the Supreme Being (ParBrahm). (17.24) Various types of sacrifice, charity, and austerity are performed by the seekers of salvation (Moksh) by uttering "TAT" (or He is all) without seeking a reward. (17.25) The word "SAT" is used in the sense of Reality and goodness. The word "SAT" is also used for an auspicious act, O Arjun. (17.26) Faith in sacrifice, charity, and austerity is also called "SAT". Selfless service for the sake of the Supreme is, in truth, termed as "SAT". (17.27) Whatever is done without faith --- whether it is sacrifice, charity, austerity, or any other act --- is called "ASAT". It has no value here or hereafter, O Arjun. (17.28).

omtad visnoh.
Omity etad brahmano nedistham nama
sad eva saumya
omtat sat.

(The writer isa seniorPhysician, Head Department of Cardiology and Deputy Dean Board of Medical Education-Moolchand Hospital, President-Heart Care Foundation of India, President Delhi Medical Association and Member-Delhi Medical Council.)

First Published: Oct 25, 2005 00:00 IST