Population rise sans employment
Economic growth fails to create employment due to population rise during the 10 year period till 2004, the Economic Survey said.india Updated: Feb 27, 2006 18:20 IST
The fast growth in the economy failed to produce as much growth in employment market, because of an even greater increase in population during the 10 year period till 2004, the Economic Survey said.
"Based on the current daily status (unemployed on an average in the reference week) in 2004 for men was at 9 per cent (up from 5.6 per cent in 1993-94) in the rural areas and at 8.1 per cent (up from 6.7 per cent in 1993-94) in urban areas," the Survey presented in the Parliament said.
Unemployment rates for women also increased from 5.6 per cent to 9.3 per cent in rural areas and from 10.5 per cent to 11.7 per cent in urban areas during the review period, the Survey said citing National Sample Survey Organisation figures.
"The sample size (of the 60th round), which is neither large nor small by standards of the previous NSSO rounds, leaves scope for raising questions about sampling errors and conclusiveness of the evidence," the Survey said.
The employment rates varied sharply across the country as states with higher wages showed increase in unemployment because of high minimum wages.
The Survey also pointed the growing difference in wages between men and women which was more prominent in urban areas where a man engaged as casual labourer earned Rs 75.51 per day, which is Rs 30 more than a woman counterpart at Rs 44.28.
In rural India, on an average, a man working as a casual labourer earned Rs 56.53 per day, which is Rs 20.38 more than a woman casual labourer who earned Rs 36.15.