The Northeast has been plagued by separatist and tribal insurgencies for more than half a century.
UPDS, KNV and KPF: United People's Democratic Solidarity (UPDS) composed of two former secessionist outfits – the Karbi National Volunteers (KNV) and the Karbi People's Front (KPF) seek the secession of the Karbi-Anglong nation of the north Kachar district of the Assam province of the Indian Union.
Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council: It seeks the independence of the Khasi or Hynniewtrep nation of the Indian Union’s "Meghalaya" province.
AMLA, ANVC: The Achik Matgrik Liberation Army (AMLA) and the Achik National Volunteer Council seek the independence of the Achik nation of the western part of the Indian Union’s "Meghalaya" province.
CPFL, ZLA, ZEA, ZRV: The Chin People’s Freedom League, the Zomi Liberation Army, the Zomi Revolutionary Army (ZRA), the Zomi Revolutionary Volunteers (ZRV) etc seeks the liberation of the Zo (Zome, Mizo or Chin) nations of Zogam, straddling the Indian Union, Burma and Bangladesh.
Orgs fighting for the secession of the Kangleipak or Meitei nation of the Manipur valley in the Manipur province of the Indian Union: the United National Liberation Front (UNLF), the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), the People’s Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK). The above mentioned three groups now operate from a unified platform, the Manipur People’s Liberation Front (MPLF). Also the Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP), the Kanglei Yawol Kunna Lup (KYKL), the Manipur Liberation Tiger Army (MLTA), the Iripak Kanba Lup (IKL), the People’s Republican Army (PRA), the Kangleipak Kanba Kanglup (KKK) and the Kangleipak Liberation Organisation (KLO).
Orgs fighting for the secession of the Reang or Bru nation, which speak KauBru, in the Tripura, Mizoram & Kachar territories of the Indian Union and the Chittagong Hills District of Bangladesh.