Prevalence rate of leprosy on the rise in Madhya Pradesh

Updated on Jul 29, 2015 08:47 PM IST
Once a major source of social stigma for those inflicted and the reason for setting up the National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP) in 1990, leprosy was considered mostly conquered, with several states, including Madhya Pradesh, showing significant improvement over the years.
Hindustan Times | By, Indore

Once a major source of social stigma for those inflicted and the reason for setting up the National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP) in 1990, leprosy was considered mostly conquered, with several states, including Madhya Pradesh, showing significant improvement over the years.

However, a recent report by the Director General of Health Services, New Delhi shows that the debilitating disease is back with a vengeance as incidences of leprosy have increased in the state in the past five years.

According to the report, the annual new case detection rate has gone up from 7.86% in 2010-11 to 8.90% in 2014-15. A total of 5,922 cases were recorded by April 1, 2015, giving a prevalence rate (PR) of 0.77 per 10,000 population. Also, a total of 333 child cases were recorded in 2014-15, which shows the PR of 4.81 among children.

A communicable disease, leprosy is caused by bacteria and mainly affects the skin and nerves. It progresses slowly with an average incubation period of three years. It has a low mortality but high morbidity, making the patient physically, socially and psychologically handicapped, especially with the age-old stigma associated with the disease.

The report also highlights the poor situation in Indore, which has made it to the district’s list of high endemic diseases for the year 2015. A total of 404 cases were detected during 2014-15, 316 cases in the year 2013-14 and 269 cases in the year 2012-13.

The administration, however, feels the increase can largely be attributed to increased awareness about the disease. “We have a very alert system. The Asha workers and health officers are made in-charge of performing door-to-door operations. Their job is to ensure that awareness about the disease is maintained at the grass-root level. So, an increase is being recorded due to this,” said Dr Sharad Pandit, joint director of health services, Indore.

The health department also says the huge influx of people from neighbouring states, especially from Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Orrisa, was another reason for the spurt. “The actual prevalence of leprosy in Madhya Pradesh is less than 1 per 10,000 population, (but) the constant migration of people from endemic states worsens things,” added Dr Pandit.

An annual budget of Rs 12-15 lakh, excluding medicines, is sanctioned for the purpose. This year too, the state government has issued a special budget to check the spread of the disease. “We have an issue with migratory workers. Attempts are on... to keep a tab on them and hopefully the special budget will help us find a way out,” he said.

SHARE THIS ARTICLE ON
Close Story
QUICKREADS

Less time to read?

Try Quickreads

  • One of the women carrying the handmade rakhi featuring PM Modi's face.

    Widows of Vrindavan design Rakhi for PM Modi

    Ahead of Rakshabandhan, a group of old-aged widows of Vrindavan have designed rakhis for Prime Minister Narendra Modi as part of the annual ritual. The specially designed handmade rakhis to be dispatched from the temple town of western Uttar Pradesh also feature the prime minister's face on them. Sulabh NGO that works with these widows has been training and assisting them for over a decade to learn different skills.

  • Shrikant Tyagi, accused of abusing woman, arrested from Meerut and brought to Noida Police Commissioner's office, in Noida. (ANI Photo)

    ‘She is like my sister’: Shrikant Tyagi on woman he assaulted in Noida society

    Shrikant Tyagi - the Noida politician whose claims of being a Bharatiya Janata Party leader have been denied by the BJP and who has been arrested by Uttar Pradesh Police for abusing and assaulting a woman - claimed Tuesday the woman 'is like (my) sister' and alleged a 'conspiracy' to 'politically decimate him'. Tyagi was booked Friday; he and his three associates face charges of 'outraging the modesty of a woman' against Tyagi and others.

  • Accused Nagesh Babu had planned the acid attack well in advance.

    Bengaluru acid attack case: 770-page charge sheet filed, details inside

    Bengaluru police on Tuesday filed a 770-page charge sheet before the Additional Chief Metropolitan Magistrate in an acid attack case that happened in the city in late April, news agency ANI reported Wednesday. As many as 92 witnesses have been mentioned in the charge sheet. The accused, Nagesh Babu, had been pursuing the victim for around seven years, during which he proposed marriage several times despite the victim's firm refusals.

  • Partha Chatterjee. (ANI)

    In prison, ex-Bengal minister Partha Chatterjee spends time reading

    Former West Bengal minister Partha Chatterjee, who was arrested on July 23 in an alleged job scam case, has been reading compilations of the works of writer-activist Mahasweta Devia and sermons of 19th-century saint Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa in his solitary cell at Kolkata's historic Presidency Jail now designated as a correctional home. Officials said Chatterjee has also requested a few other books on politics, economics, and law.

  • The minimum temperature was expected to be 28 degrees Celsius. (HT PHOTO)

    Partly overcast weather, mercury expected to go up to 37 degrees in Delhi

    Delhi's air quality was in the satisfactory category on Wednesday morning as partly overcast weather was expected with a minimum temperature of 28 degrees Celsius and the maximum 37 degrees Celsius. According to the Central Pollution Control Board, the hourly air quality index was 98 at 7am. On Sunday, the average 24-hour AQI was 112 in the moderate category with PM2.5 and PM 10 being the significant pollutants.

SHARE
Story Saved
×
Saved Articles
Following
My Reads
Sign out
New Delhi 0C
Wednesday, August 10, 2022
Start 15 Days Free Trial Subscribe Now