Ladies, these are the signs you are approaching menopause | Health - Hindustan Times
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Ladies, these are the signs you are approaching menopause

May 05, 2022 09:05 PM IST

As the estrogen levels start going down gradually, one may see signs like hot flashes and irregular periods months or even years before actual menopause.

Menopause or permanent cessation of menses is part of the ageing process and occurs after not getting periods for 12 consecutive months or a year. With age, the ovarian activity gradually declines and this may commence as early as the age of 35. With menopause, ovarian activity also ceases which means the ovaries stop making estrogen and progesterone hormones and also do not release eggs anymore, thereby halting the process of pregnancy. The average age for menopause in women ranges from 42 to 53 years. (See pics: Natural sources of estrogen to ease menopause symptoms)

With menopause, ovarian activity also ceases which means the ovaries stop making estrogen and progesterone hormones and also do not release eggs anymore,(Shutterstock)
With menopause, ovarian activity also ceases which means the ovaries stop making estrogen and progesterone hormones and also do not release eggs anymore,(Shutterstock)

As the estrogen levels start going down gradually, one may see signs like hot flashes and irregular periods months or even years before actual menopause. This stage is called perimenopause. Dr. Ranjana Dhanu, Consultant OBGY & Gynaecology talks about signs that show one is approaching menopause.

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MOOD SWINGS

Dr Dhanu says as the estrogen levels go down, endorphins or feel good hormones too can suffer because of which mood swings can be experienced.

HOT FLASHES

Hormonal changes can also trigger hot flashes, at times multiple times during the day, due to alteration in the thermoregulatory clock.

RISE IN UTI

A rise in the incidence of urinary tract infections and vaginal infections is observed during perimenopause with thinning of the mucosa of the Uro genital tract during the menopause.

PAINFUL SEX

Dyspareunua or painful sexual intercourse and reduced libido are also manifestations of estrogen deficiency associated with the menopause.

OSTEOPENIA AND OSTEOPOROSIS

The delayed effects of the menopause are osteopenia and osteoporosis due to rapid bone resorption or osteoclastic activity hence posing a risk of fractures of the wrist or hip joint in particular. Severe osteoporosis of the spine can lead to interspinous fractures leading to a dowager's hump.

ALZHEIMER'S

Alzheimer’s is also a delayed manifestation of the menopause and estrogen deficiency. Luckily as our indian diets comprise of asafoetida (hing) and turmeric (haldi) we see a lesser incidence of Alzheimer’s as compared to the Caucasians.

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