Mumbai worst-affected by dengue in Maharashtra
There has been a 22% rise in the number of dengue cases recorded in the state between January and October this year, compared to the same time last year.mumbai Updated: Nov 10, 2014 18:22 IST
There has been a 22% rise in the number of dengue cases recorded in the state between January and October this year, compared to the same time last year.
Mumbai city and suburban districts, which fall under the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC), has recorded the largest number of dengue cases and deaths this year.
With a spurt in cases in October, the city has become the worst-affected in the state, ahead of Chandrapur.
“Around 85% of the cases in Mumbai are from affluent and middle class residential areas. We have been able to control the infection in rural areas because of the participation of the people, which is not the case in Mumbai,” said Dr Satish Pawar, director, directorate health services.
Pawar said another challenge for urban areas is that most people visit private hospitals.The civic body’s epidemiology cell has recorded around 3,000 suspected cases of dengue from public hospitals, and only 900 from private ones. “The suspected cases could be much higher, as 80% of city’s population prefer private healthcare,” a senior public health activist said.
In 2013, Mumbai had recorded 927 cases and 11 deaths. The previous year saw 1,008 cases, and five deaths. However, in 2014, Mumbai already has 696 confirmed cases of dengue, and 12 deaths.
Chandrapur district has recorded 676 cases, followed by Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal Corporation, with 344 cases.
Dengue is transmitted by the bite of the Aedes mosquito infected with one of the four dengue virus serotypes. These mosquitoes can even breed even in a spoonful of clean water. DEN-2 and DEN-3 serotype of the virus is most prevalent in the state, the state health department said.
“There is no mutation in the virus. But we have recently found a type of dengue virus in Nagpur that is prevalent Jabalpur district, Madhya Pradesh. Many people travel to different places during the incubation period (when the virus does not trigger symptoms), which results in its spread,” said Dr Pawar.
Dr Om Shrivastav, director of infectious disease at Peddar Road’s Jaslok Hospital said dengue can no longer be diagnosed using just the classical symptoms yardstick.
“Many patients are coming with severe involvement of organs, which was not the case earlier. But, it is too early to call it a mutation,” he said.