All-round excellence built through science is missing in Indian sport
As the PM looks to a task force to map India’s sporting future, HT highlights what our major drawbacks are.olympics Updated: Sep 11, 2016 11:34 IST
We want to count medals but have no time to count playgrounds. Before we talk of lofty things like Olympic winners, let’s figure out the basics: the more the numbers playing sport, the more the chances of excellence. Only if the net is cast far and wide will the catch turn up nuggets that would go on to gleam golden. First, India needs to play, and then we can begin to figure beyond. It all starts from sporting culture. And where does this culture come from? It starts with places to play, places with facilities that are world-class.
A nation that reels under the onslaught of the sun because of its geographical location has barely 35 indoor stadiums for its 1.3 billion people. And that’s just a start.
The right brains
Coaching coachesIndian medallists from the last three Olympics have had, among otherthings, a strong support system with expert coaches fine-tuning theirgame and technique. PV Sindhu has in her corner Pullela Gopichand, one ofthe best badminton coaches, constantly pushing the envelope. Indian boxershave benefited from Cuban expert BI Fernandez and the wrestlersfrom Georgian Vladimir Mestvirishvili, who has been here since 2004.Mestvirishvili was instrumental in modernising the approach towardstraining of Indian wrestlers and the results are evident.
But the reach of these experts are confined to national camps. Thekey to any long-term programme is establishing a network of trainedcoaches who can implement the latest training methods from thegrassroots level. India needs a pool of coaches who are not justexperts in the latest in sports science but capable of learning andreinventing. The coaches education programme needs overhaul. Andour fresh coaches should be made to work with our foreign experts.Besides technical knowhow, the best in the world will also be able toinfuse a philosophical change in our coaches, tomotivate them to keep learning and evolving. LESLIE XAVIER
Notions, not science, govern the outlook towards sport in India. A vein of research looks to prove that the very concept of talent is uncertain, that it’s actually exposure which develops skill and this, in turn, is interpreted as talent. Genes can prove to be crucial but even they wither when confronted by the blaze of practice. It is science that makes athletes, the rest is secondary. But to understand most of the latest research in sport, one has to read with Internet access on tap. Or else, it all becomes too obtuse.
To expect the majority of our coaches to subscribe to latest journals, and implement the latest training aids, may be challenging their cerebral makeup far beyond breaking point. Therein lies the rub. For peanuts, you get monkeys. Excellence in sport now requires keeping abreast of a host of minutiae that build up to a wholesome athlete over a decade later. And coaching has to be made lucrative enough for even armchair enthusiasts like this writer to back their words with actual action.
Ban the babus
The same excellence required in coaching is even more important in governance. Our Sports Code is flawed in mandating cooloff periods for all administrators after two continuous spells in office. We have so few able ones that we should actually keep the good ones on forever.
What we need to ensure is that sport is not handled by the government through its bureaucrats. Now, these guys are clueless grappling with a field that takes decades to figure. The biggest bane is that bureaucrats take decisions on funding and training that they are inadequately equipped to handle.
The involvement of sportspeople in key decision-making needs to be enhanced and the babus at organisations such as the Sports Authority of India (SAI) asked tough questions. The majority of them should be sacked for they have been remarkably inefficient. But then, such radical accountability is just not the norm here.
Education + Sport
Studies and sportsIn the 1970s and even 80s, university competition was top class, and apodium finish often was the route to an India spot. Many big athletes camethrough the university sports system. Fo rmer India cricket captains, SunilGava skar and Ajit Wadekar, hockey skipper Zafar Iqbal and Asian Gamessprint champion, R Gnanasekaran, were all stalwarts of university competition.The Association of Indian University contingent was fielded in nationalcompetition.
But that’s history. Over the past two decades, standards have dipped tosuch extent they no longer serve as the feeder line. Focus of universityofficials is only about winning the Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Trophy, thesymbol of supremacy in university sports. Officials manipulate resultsand even field ineligible athletes for glory.
School Games Federation of India (SGFI) should help spot talent and enablebudding athletes to excel. Competition is organised in more than 20disciplines, including track and field. It too is no longer result-oriented.There are widespread allegations of manipulation, doping and impersonation.Quality coaching is an exception now.
India’s double Olympics medalist, Sushil Kumar, being nominated as SGFIpresident raises hopes he will cleanse the system.. NAVNEET SINGH
The backbone of any sporting culture has to be school and college sport. In India, we have progressively seen the importance of these wither. The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) of the US — the body that controls college sport — had 1,018 athletes associated with it participating in Rio. They represented 107 countries. One University — Stanford — won 23 medals at Rio. Oh, and here’s a heads-up for those who drafted the sports code: Walter Byers was NCAA’s first administrator and his term lasted 37 years (1951-88).
As 78 universities around the world earned medals at Rio, the importance of creating an education system that’s enmeshed with sport gets all the more important. The success of the US proves that sport needn’t be divorced from learning. Marks for sport and increased importance to the wholesomeness of sportspeople in the job market need to be the norm. Only then will our doctor and engineer-obsessed populace allow its kids to play.
Not just government
Emulate ChinaChina ended the Rio Olympics with 70 medals, 26 of them gold.However, back in China the feeling is that the Asian giants have beenbelow par. After all, didn’t China win 51 gold medals at Beijing and 38in London, a massive improvement from the five gold it won at the1988 Seoul Games. This turnaround though begs the question: justhow are the Chinese so good? The answer lies in the authoritarian systemwhich puts emphasis on inducting kids as young as five intostate-run academies. Most academies, often branded as ‘medal fa ctories’,required children to live there full-time, a regulation which hasnow been relaxed. The system dictated every aspect of a player’s life.Te nnis ace Li Na could only choose her coach and tournaments shecould compete in after quitting the Chinese sports system in 2008.
While there is a lot of criticism of the Chinese method, its emphasison catching and grooming children from a very young age is somethingIndia could look to replicate. Another aspect that has fuelledChina’s domination is the focus on specific sports like badminton,gymnastics, table tennis and diving — a strategy India could emulatewith wrestling, shooting, boxing and badminton. AMIT KAMATH
There are schemes that offer incentives to build hotels, free land for schools and hospitals, but no such measure exists for a sportsperson looking to build champions. Would Pullela Gopichand have pulled off his miracle if he had not been allotted land for his academy in Hyderabad? Sport infrastructure in India is controlled by the government and as such under the purview of the same clueless babus.
The Sports Authority of India has 98 facilities across the country. This organisation has proven to be a spectacular failure. The majority of its coaches aren’t good enough, the majority of these centres are nowhere near world-class and it’s one giant bureaucratic behemoth. Its entire role, structure and form of functioning needs to be radically overhauled.
Set Arjuna criteriaThe sports ministry has revised the selection criteria for ArjunaAward twice in the last three years, but ambiguity remains. The basicflaw is the points system to evaluate performance. It isn’t clear whatformula was used to allot 40 points for winning gold in world championships,which are held every four years, 30 points for winning at theAsian Games and 25 points for Commonwealth Games gold.
According to the policy, 90 marks would be given on the basis of overallperformance in the previous four years. Since 10 marks are given bythe panel, it gives an opportunity to influence the members. If twoindividuals have similar points, the one who is more resourceful wouldget the award. The policy has many flaws and is being exploited. Takekabaddi for example, where India usually win gold at the Asian Games.If more than one player applies, who would the panel choose?
The ministry should have drawn up a comparative chart of all internationalevents, and not just six. In certain disciplines, including athletics,more international events are held while our national football teamhardly makes an impression at Asian level. The government hasn’tmade any comparitive study between team events where fewer internationalevents are held. Players from team events like basketballand volleyball are being denied the award. NAVNEET SINGH
Excellence in sport takes a long time. If there is no system to support athletes as they build towards Olympic standards, most will be forced to give up their pursuit to make a living. Instead of knee-jerk doleouts to those who qualify for major events, we need a national scholarship programme that guarantees a minimum bank balance to every athlete who does well at the national level. This funding needs to be scaled up as athletes begin to compete on the world stage.
Yoga shows the way
Plan long-termDipa Karmakar, who finished fourth in Rio afterbecoming the first Indian to reach a gymnastics eventfinal, got support from the government’s TargetOlympic Podium (TOP) scheme in April, soon aftershe qualified. That’s a mere three months before theGames. The story of many athletes follows the samescript. Though TOPs is a good concept, it has itsflaws. To start with, funding should be systematicand sustained and it should certainly not come justbefore the Games. The athlete needs the moneywhen it matters most, when he or she is training,starting from the junior days.
And funding is just one aspect in nurturing achampion. If we want to produce champions, itmust begin by spotting the right talent at theright time. He or she should be made part of asystem that involves scientific training, andexposure to top competition. And there shouldbe periodic performance analysis with definedparameters (not just medals). The US Olympicprogramme for athletes who featured in 2012and 2016 began around 1999! LESLIE XAVIER
Exercise systems have to be adapted to indigenous cultures, and nutrition needs of potential Olympians must be planned within the ambit of local taste buds. This writer must laud the government’s emphasis on yoga. Having practised it for over a decade of my association with tennis, I can contend that there is nothing else that comes close to being a complete workout in as short a time as 30 minutes of yoga. Now, let’s also focus on our own local nutrition index, genetic mapping and enhancement of the logic that saw special area schemes being implemented in the past.
India has unique problems. A cut-and-paste job by foreign experts won’t work. Instead, we need to create an ecosystem which nurtures sporting solutions for our unique ethos. For seasoned cynics like this writer, all this post-Olympics analysis is nothing new. We will all make a load of noise for a few weeks and soon forget how we ranted at out lamentable performance.
Yes, rant and cant, that’s our response to a problem which actually needs clinical, scientific analysis.