12 out of 20 large industries in Odisha under evaluation for emissions
Odisha has about 135 large industries and 4,000 small and medium industries, which include power plants, sponge iron and steel plants.
Twelve of the 20 large industries in Odisha currently being evaluated for particulate matter (PM) emissions by the Odisha Pollution Control Board are either far from meeting air pollution standards or aren’t releasing their pollution data in real time on a regular basis.
Odisha has about 135 large industries and 4,000 small and medium industries, which include power plants, sponge iron and steel plants. These are being rated using continuous emissions data by Odisha, which on Monday became the first state to rank polluting industries on the basis of real-time compliance to pollution norms.
Santosh Harish, associate director of EPIC India said some states like Odisha and Tamil Nadu had started implementing Continuous emission monitoring system (CEMS) much before Central Pollution Control Board mandated it last year which is why 136 of Odisha industries are putting out pollution data in real time. “Chhattisgarh also puts out CEMS data in public domain. But its difficult to say how many states totally have made CEMS data public,” Harish said.
The star rating programme implemented in association with Energy Policy Institute University of Chicago (EPIC) India categorises industries across a range of 1 to 5 stars.
In the first phase of the programme, there are 20 large industries including power plants, cement, paper and pulp, steel, sponge iron and others. The current ratings on the Odisha Pollution Control Board website www.ospcb.info shows 12 out of 20 industries including four captive power plants in Sambalpur, Angul and Jharsuguda have got one star while only one industry—a sponge iron unit in Sundargarh has got 5 stars.
Industries that aren’t releasing pollution data in real-time are also being given 1 star to make them fall in line. In case of the 12 industries that have got 1 star, some aren’t meeting pollution standards while some aren’t releasing pollution data regularly. “We need to do further assessments to show which ones are worst polluters by looking at the dataset,” said Akhila Swar, chief environmental engineer, Odisha.
“The Star Rating program will help the public to find out whether industries in their vicinity are fair in their environmental compliance and empower them to strengthen regulations through public participation,” said Odisha chief minister, Naveen Patnaik, a statement by EPIC India said. A CPCB official said it has already directed all red category or polluting industries to install real time emissions monitoring systems on their stacks. “Already more than 3,000 industries have installed CEMS on their chimneys and we are receiving data through our server. But exact compliance status needs to be checked.”