Genetic factors interact with environmental factors such as pollution to trigger asthma.(Shutterstock)
Genetic factors interact with environmental factors such as pollution to trigger asthma.(Shutterstock)

World Asthma Day: Number of asthma patients on the rise in India

World Asthma Day 2018: Asthma is an inflammatory disease that can interfere with daily activities. The number of asthmatic patients in India has gone up in the recent past.
By HT Correspondent | Indo Asian News Service, Kolkata
UPDATED ON MAY 01, 2018 10:54 AM IST

On the eve of World Asthma Day (May 1), a doctor has revealed some alarming statistics. One among every ten persons affected by asthma globally is an Indian, with the country having 20 million such patients and the number is on the rise, said Subhra Mitra, Head of the Department of Pulmonology in Calcutta National Medical College. He added that a greater sense of awareness, preventive measures and proper detection and treatment is necessary. The statistics on asthma in India have been worrying for a while now.

The doctor said while the number of asthmatic patients in India is quiet high, the attacks are not as frequent as in Australia and certain European countries where asthma has a higher rate due to certain genetic reasons. “Asthma is hereditary. The genetic factors interact with environmental factors such as pollution to trigger asthma. Also viral infections and obesity acts as a trigger for asthma among the teenagers,” he said.

Stating that the medical infrastructure and awareness about asthma had significantly gone up in the country, the doctor said more awareness programmes and focus on providing less expensive medication was necessary to fight the “chronic inflammatory decease” that can become fatal if not treated properly. Talking about the available ways to treat the disease, Mitra stressed on the importance of going for a therapeutic remedy once asthma is diagnosed instead of rescue medication. He said inhalation therapy was the mainstay of treatment for asthma.

“Steroid is the backbone of asthma treatment. We always suggest the inhalation therapy as it involves lower consumption of steroid and can deliver the drugs directly to the lungs which is more effective,” he pointed out. The doctor said less costly steroids should be more in circulation to make the treatment more affordable.

“In case of inhalation, the steroid dosage is in micro-grams while oral medicines are in mili-grams. So the inhale route has lesser side effects. Inhaled medications have been shown to improve disease status and reduce the number and severity of asthma exacerbation,” he said. He also stressed on the importance of following a proper detection process like Pulmonary Function Test before starting the treatment for asthma.

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