Umblical Hernia in Kids
This results from a weakness or laxity in the muscles of the abdominal wall. The theory that it results from improper ligation of the umblical cord resulting in air entering inside is incorrect.
In many children this hernia disappears around the ninth month of life. Normally at birth, it should not be possible to insinuate one's thumb into the child's umblicus.
If the thumb can be insinuated, then surgery will often be required later. Corrective surgery is best done early (when the child is around one and half years old).
It is generally assumed that the accumulation of fluid in the scrotal sac constituting a hydrocoele, can occur only in an adult male.. However, this is not always so and even children can develop this problem.
The testes in the male child develop within the abdominal cavity. From the abdominal cavity, testes begin to descend gradually to take their place in the scrotal sac. This takes place at or soon after birth where they are palpable.
Sometimes, along with the testes, fluid may also be pushed down and a hydrocoele develops. Such hydrocoele does not require immediate surgery and the surgery can be done even when the child is one and a half years old.
If one or both testes have not descended into the scrotal sac even by the time the child is one and half years old, a diagnosis of Undescended Testes is made. If left without surgical correction, undescended testes have a greater risk of developing cancer than the normal testes do.