French President Francois Hollande is the fifth head of state to have been invited from France making the country the ‘most invited’ nation during India’s Republic Day celebrations.
From Indonesian President Dr Sukarno, who was the chief guest at the first Republic Day, to Hollande, a total of 58 foreign heads of state have participated as guests of honour.
Here is a graphic that shows all the chief guests who were invited by India in the last 67 years.
Algeria43 Algeria Argentina27 Argentina Australia21 Australia Bhutan130 Bhutan Brazil84 Brazil Bulgaria11 Bulgaria Cambodia7 Cambodia Duke of Edinburgh4 Duke of Edinburgh France188 France Greece28 Greece Indonesia54 Indonesia Iran45 Iran Ireland20 Ireland Japan56 Japan Kazakhstan51 Kazakhstan Maldives33 Maldives Mauritius89 Mauritius Mexico23 Mexico Nepal41 Nepal Nigeria67 Nigeria Pakistan11 Pakistan Peru29 Peru Poland19 Poland Portugal34 Portugal Republic of Korea52 Republic of Korea Russia49 Russia Saudi Arabia48 Saudi Arabia SFR Yugoslavia25 SFR Yugoslavia Singapore36 Singapore South Africa37 South Africa Spain24 Spain Sri Lanka46 Sri Lanka Tanzania12 Tanzania Thailand54 Thailand Trinidad and Tobago39 Trinidad and Tobago United Kingdom41 United Kingdom USA57 USA USSR14 USSR Viet Nam31 Viet Nam Zaire14 Zaire Zambia17 Zambia First Secretary Edward Gierek19 First Secretary Edward Gierek Food and Agriculture Minister Rana Abdul Hamid8 Food and Agriculture Minister Rana Abdul Hamid Francois Hollande58 Francois Hollande General Secretary Nguyen Van Linh31 General Secretary Nguyen Van Linh Governor General Malik Ghulam Muhammad3 Governor General Malik Ghulam Muhammad King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Saud[48 King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Saud[ King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev41 King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck2 King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck King Jigme Singye Wangchuck73 King Jigme Singye Wangchuck King Juan Carlos I24 King Juan Carlos I King Norodom Sihanouk7 King Norodom Sihanouk King of Bhutan Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck55 King of Bhutan Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck President Abdelaziz Bouteflika43 President Abdelaziz Bouteflika President Alan García29 President Alan García President Barack Obama57 President Barack Obama President Cassam Uteem44 President Cassam Uteem President Dr. Fernando Henrique Cardoso38 President Dr. Fernando Henrique Cardoso President Jacques Chirac40 President Jacques Chirac President José López Portillo23 President José López Portillo President Josip Broz Tito25 President Josip Broz Tito President Julius Nyerere12 President Julius Nyerere President Junius Jayewardene30 President Junius Jayewardene President Kenneth Kaunda17 President Kenneth Kaunda President Kliment Voroshilov5 President Kliment Voroshilov President Lee Myung Bak52 President Lee Myung Bak President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva46 President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva President Mário Soares34 President Mário Soares President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom33 President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom President Mobutu Sese Seko14 President Mobutu Sese Seko President Mohammed Khatami45 President Mohammed Khatami President Nelson Mandela37 President Nelson Mandela President Nicolas Sarkozy50 President Nicolas Sarkozy President Nursultan Nazarbayev51 President Nursultan Nazarbayev President Olusegun Obasanjo42 President Olusegun Obasanjo President Patrick Hillery20 President Patrick Hillery President Raúl Alfonsín27 President Raúl Alfonsín President Shehu Shagari25 President Shehu Shagari President Sukarno1 President Sukarno President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono53 President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono President Valéry Giscard d’Estaing22 President Valéry Giscard d’Estaing President Vladimir Putin49 President Vladimir Putin Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin9 Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou28 Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou Prime Minister Anerood Jugnauth32 Prime Minister Anerood Jugnauth Prime Minister Basdeo Panday39 Prime Minister Basdeo Panday Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong36 Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong Prime Minister Jacques Chirac18 Prime Minister Jacques Chirac Prime Minister John Major35 Prime Minister John Major Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser21 Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser Prime Minister of Bulgaria Todor Zhivkov11 Prime Minister of Bulgaria Todor Zhivkov Prime Minister Seewoosagur Ramgoolam13 Prime Minister Seewoosagur Ramgoolam Prime Minister Shizo Abe56 Prime Minister Shizo Abe Prime Minister Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike16 Prime Minister Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra54 Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra Prince Philip4 Prince Philip Queen Elizabeth II6 Queen Elizabeth II 19501 1950 19542 1954 19553 1955 19594 1959 19605 1960 19616 1961 19637 1963 19658 1965 196819 1968 196911 1969 197112 1971 197213 1972 197314 1973 197431 1974 197517 1975 197618 1976 197719 1977 197820 1978 197921 1979 198022 1980 198123 1981 198224 1982 198325 1983 198426 1984 198527 1985 198628 1986 198729 1987 198830 1988 198931 1989 199032 1990 199133 1991 199234 1992 199335 1993 199436 1994 199537 1995 199638 1996 199739 1997 199840 1998 199941 1999 200042 2000 200143 2001 200244 2002 200345 2003 200446 2004 200547 2005 200648 2006 200749 2007 200850 2008 200951 2009 201052 2010 201153 2011 201254 2012 201355 2013 201456 2014 201557 2015 201658 2016
France was invited five times, followed by Bhutan (four), Mauritius (three), Nepal, Pakistan, Brazil, Nigeria, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, UK, Yugoslavia and the USSR were all invited twice each. Rest were all invited only once.
Erstwhile Yugoslavia’s former President Josip Broz Tito and former King of Bhutan Jigme Singye Wangchuck have had the distinction of being guests of honour twice.
The years 1968 and 1974 were unique as India hosted two chief guests on both the years.
First Published: Jan 26, 2016 16:26 IST