A look at the traditional harvesting techniques used across the country.india Updated: May 19, 2003 15:29 IST
Very similar to a baoli, a jhalara is a step well. It operates by the similar principle as a baoli. It neither has any catchment of its own nor is it connected to any watercourse. It collects the subterranean seepage of a talab or lake nearly. A jhalara is used primarily for bathing purposes. It is particularly seen in Gujarat.
In the saline regions of Kutch district in Gujarat where water is brackish, Maldharis, a nomadic tribe, have developed a unique method of conserving freshwater.
A virda is a shallow well dug in low depressions called jheels. Generally, a series of virdas are grouped together. This network of wells-in-a-tank ensures that water is available throughout the year.