# How MLAs have been graded

## The MLAs have been graded from F, the lowest grade through D, C, B to the highest grade, A based on scores received out of a total of 100.

india Updated: Oct 20, 2003 18:36 ISTPTI

It is back to school for Delhi's MLAs with the HT-CSDS survey grading them on the basis of the opinions of the electorate. The MLAs have been graded from F, the lowest grade through D, C, B to the highest grade, A based on scores received out of a total of 100.

Those MLAs who received scores of 33 or less have been graded F, while those who got scores between 33.1 and 45 have been awarded the grade D. MLAs with scores ranging from 45.1 to 55 get the grade C and those in between 55.1 and 64.9 have been given grade B. The top grade A is for those MLAs who get scores of 65 or more. These scores are not based on any subjective criteria, but on an objective evaluation of the MLA based on the opinions expressed by the voters of that particular constituency.

Furthermore, these scores for the individual MLAs have not been calculated using just one question, but on the basis of marks awarded separately on six different criteria. These criteria are -

1. The accessibility of the MLA

2. How far has he or she worked for the development for the constituency

3. The Responsiveness of the MLA

4. The character and honesty of the MLA

5. Whether the incumbent deserves re-election

6. The popular rating of the MLA.

The scores for all criteria, except the last one, were awarded out of a total of 10 and were calculated on the basis of the answers given to specific questions linked to each criterion. To arrive at the final scores, which were used for grading, the scores secured by each MLA in each of the six criteria were added up.

Since these six differ from each other, the scores secured in each one have been awarded different weightages. That is to say that the scores for each criteria calculated for an individual MLA were multiplied by different numbers as follows-

•Scores for Accessibility multiplied by 1.5

• Scores for Developmental Work multiplied by 2.5

• Scores for Responsiveness multiplied by 1.0

• Scores for Character and Honesty multiplied by 2.0

• Scores for Deserves Re-election multiplied by 1.0

• Crores for Popular Rating multiplied by 0.2

Someone might well ask why different weightage for different criteria. This is because we have rated certain criteria to be more important than others. The criterion which is considered more important have been multiplied by a higher number. Thus, the contribution towards Developmental Work is regarded as the most important criterion. This ranking, however, is subjective in nature. Besides this, different methods were used to arrive at scores for separate criteria and these methods are explained below.

Accessibility

For the criterion of Accessibility, two separate questions were asked

•Q1- After being elected as MLA, has the MLA ever visited your mohalla/basti/colony?

• Q2- How is the MLA's behaviour towards the general public? .

The percentage of persons who answered "Yes" to the first question in each constituency was calculated. According to the percentage in a given constituency, the score for that MLA was calculated. If among the people interviewed, 29.9 per cent or less people answered 'Yes' in a constituency, then the local MLA was given the score of 0. If the percentage of those who answered 'Yes' was between 30 to 39.9, the score was 0.5; if from 40 to 44.9, then 1.0; if 45 to 49.9, then 1.5; 50 to 54.9, then 2.0; 55.0 to 59.9, then 2.5; if 60 to 64.9, then 3.0; if 65.0 to 69.9, then 3.5; if 70 to 74.9, then 4.0; if 75.0 to 79.9, then 4.5; and finally if 80 and above then the score was 5.0.

For the second question, the answer choices were 'Very Good', 'OK' and 'Bad'. A more sophisticated method has been adopted to arrive at the score for this question. The percentage for the people who answered 'Bad' has been subtracted form the figure for those who said 'Very Good'. To this has been added the number calculated by dividing the percentage of 'OK' by 4. The total is then divided by 10 to arrive at the answer.

The formula reads as : [ (Very Good - Bad) + (OK/4) ] / 10

If the answer was 0.9 or less, the MLA's score was 0; if 5.0 or more, then 5.0. Answers between 0.9 and 5.0 receive the same score, that is to say that if the answer was 3.6, then the MLA had a score of 3.6.

The score for the criteria of Accessibility was arrived by adding up the scores for these two questions.

**Developmental Work**

For Developmental Work, the question asked was -

Q1- How much has your MLA worked for the development of the area? and the answer choices were 'A lot', 'Somewhat' and 'Not at all'.

The score for this criterion was calculated subtracting the percentage for answers 'Not at all' from that of answers 'A lot' and then adding to it the quarter of the percentage for people who answered 'somewhat'.

The formula reads as : ( A lot- Not at all) + (Somewhat/4)

Now if the answer to this calculation for a given MLA was -40.0 or less, then the score was 0. If it is between -39.9 and -20.0, then the score is 1; if -19.9 to -10.0, then the score is 2; if from -9.9 to 0.0, then 3; if between 0.1 to 10.0, then 4, if from 10.1 to 20.0, then 5; if 20.1 to 30.0, then 6; if 30.1 to 40.0, then 7; if 40.1 to 45.0, then 8; if 45.1 to 50.0, then 9 and finally 50.1 and above, then the score was 10.

**Responsiveness**

The method for calculating score for the Responsiveness of an MLA is much more sophisticated since the score was based on answers given to five closely linked questions. The questions and their answer choices were -

• Q1- Have you ever tried meeting your MLA regarding your own work? and the answer choices were 'Yes' and 'No'.

• Q2-Were you able to meet your MLA? The answer choices were again 'Yes' and 'No'.

• Q3- How much effort did the MLA make to solve your problem? and here the answer choices were 'A lot', 'Somewhat', and 'Not at all'.

• Q4-If you had some work with your MLA are you sure that you would be able to meet him? and the answer choices are 'Yes', 'No' and 'Can't Say/Don't Know'.

• Q5-Are you sure that the MLA will help in getting your work done and the answer choices were 'Yes', 'No' and 'Can't Say/ Don't Say'.

Since this criteria involved many questions, to arrive at a proper score, seven separate calculations were made to arrive at seven separate figures. This is how the seven separate calculations were made-

• Number One- Percentage for those who answered 'Yes' to the second question plus percentage of those who said 'A lot' to the third question. The sum was multiplied by two to arrive at the first figure.

The formula is as follows- (Q2 Yes + Q3 A lot) X 2

Number Two- Percentage for those who answered 'Yes' in the second question plus percentage of those who said 'OK' to the third question. The sum was plied by one to arrive at the second figure.

The formula is as follows- (Q2 Yes + Q3 OK) X 1

• Number Three- Percentage for those who answered 'Yes' in the second question plus percentage of those who said 'No' in the third question. The sum was multiplied by -0.25 to arrive at the third figure.

The formula is as follows- (Q2 Yes + Q3 No) X (-0.25)

• Number Four- Percentage for those who answered 'Yes' for the first question plus that for those who answered 'No' in the second question plus that for 'Can't Say/Don't Know' for the fourth question. The sum was multiplied by -1.0 to arrive at the fourth figure.

The formula is as follows-

(Q1 Yes + Q2 No + Q4 Can't Say/Don't Know) X (-1)

• Number Five-The percentage of people who answered 'No' in the second question plus that for those who answered 'Yes' in the fourth question plus that for those who answered 'Yes' in the fifth question. The sum was multiplied by 0.5 to arrive at the fifth figure.

The formula is as follows- (Q2 No + Q4 Yes + Q 5 Yes) X (0.5)

• Number Six- The percentage of people who answered 'No' in the second question plus that for those who answered 'Yes' in the fourth question plus that for those who answered 'No' in the fifth question. The sum was the sixth figure.

The formula is as follows- (Q2 No + Q4 Yes + Q 5 No)

• Number Seven- The percentage of people who answered 'No' in the second question plus that for those who answered 'No' in the fourth question. The sum was multiplied by -1.0 to arrive at the seventh figure.

The formula is as follows- (Q2 No + Q3 No) X (-1)

All these seven figures are added up to arrive at the sum used to give scores for the criteria for Responsiveness. If the sum of these seven calculations was 80.0 or less, then the score was 0. If from 80.1 to 100.0, then it was 1; if from 100.1 to 120, then 2; 120.1 to 140.0, then it is 3; if from 140.1 to 150.0, then it is 4; if 150.1 to 160.0, then it is 5; if between 160.1 to170, then it is 6; if 170.1 to 180.0, then 7; if from 180.1 to 190.0, then 8; if between 190.1 to 200.0, then the score was 9. If the sum was 200 or more, then the score was 10.

**Character and Honesty**

The scores for the criteria for Character and Honesty were calculated on the basis of answers given to two separate questions. The questions and their answer choices were -

• Q1-On the whole how honest is the MLA regarded by the people? and the answer choices were 'A lot', 'Somewhat' and 'Not at all'.

• Q2-On the whole, how good is the character of the MLA in the view of the people? and the answer choices were 'A lot', 'Somewhat' and 'Not at all'.

Two separate calculations were made for each of the two questions. In the case of the first question, the percentage of those who answered 'Not at all' was multiplied by two and then added to that for those who said 'A lot'. To this, the answer of the percentage of those who said 'Somewhat' divided 4 was added.

The formula read as - [Q1 A lot - (2 X Q1 Not at all)] + (Q1 Somewhat / 4)

In the case of the second question, the same procedure was followed in the same order.

The formula read as - [Q2 A lot - (2 X Q21 Not at all)] + (Q2 Somewhat / 4)

The answer of these two calculations was added up. If the sum was -50.0 or less, then the MLA was given a score of 0. If the sum was between - 49.9 to - 20.0, then the score was 1; from -19.9 to 0.0, then 2; from 0.1 to 20.0, then the score was 3; if from 20.1 to 30.0, then 4; from 30.1 to 40.0, then 5; from 40.1 to 50.0, then 6; from 50.1 to 60.0, then 7; from 60.1 to 70.0, then 8; 70.1 to 80.0, then 9; and finally if the sum was 80.0 and more then, the score was 10.

**Deserves Re-election**

To calculate the score on whether a MLA deserves Re-election, voters were asked "In your opinion, should your MLA get a second chance?" and the answer choices were 'Yes' and 'No'. The percentage of persons who answered 'Yes', that is in the positive, was calculated. If the percentage was 9.9 or less, the score was 0. If between 10.0 to 14.9, the score was 1; if 15.0 to 24.9, then 2; if between 25.0 and 34.9, then 3; if from 35.0 to 44.9, then 4; if from 45.0 to 54.9, then 5; if from 55.0 to 64.9, then 6; if from 65.0 to 74.9, then 7; if from 75.0 to 84.9, then 8; if from 85.0 to 94.9, then 9; and finally if the sum was 95.0 or more, the score was 10.

**Popular Rating**

And finally the Popular Rating of the MLA. Each voter interviewed was asked to give marks to his or her MLA out of a total of 100. For each constituency, the marks were added up and divided by the number of voters interviewed to arrive at the Popular Rating for the MLA.

First Published: Oct 20, 2003 18:28 IST