India improves rating on global corruption index
India has showed some improvement in addressing corruption this year, ranking 85th among 175 countries as against 94th last year, graft watchdog Transparency International said on Wednesday.india Updated: Dec 03, 2014 13:42 IST
India has showed some improvement in addressing corruption this year, ranking 85th among 175 countries as against 94th last year, graft watchdog Transparency International (TI) said on Wednesday.
Denmark retained its position as the least corrupt country in 2014 with a score of 92 while North Korea and Somalia shared the last place, scoring just 8, it said.
In India's neighbourhood, China moved to 100th place, down from 80th last year, while Pakistan and Nepal were at 126th position. Bangladesh was 145th and Bhutan 30th in the ranking. Sri Lanka was ranked 85th with India. Afghanistan was at a bleak 172.
According to the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) report by TI, "the CPI score for India increased by 2 points in 2014 from its 2013 score, helping India's rank move up to 85 in 2014 from 94 in 2013". India's score stood at 38 as compared to 36 last year.
The improvement in CPI for India was driven primarily by two data sources -- from the World Economic Forum and World Justice Project's (WJP) index.
"A score increase on WEF suggested businesses in India were viewing the environment favourably with regards to their perception of corruption and bribery in the country".
The WJP score also went up reflecting the perceptions of public sector corruption coming down slightly in India, the report said.
The report noted that in terms of the new government, the CPI possibly captured the anti-corruption mandate on which the new government was elected and the possibility of some new reforms in this area.
"However, the data used for CPI mostly was collected prior to the change of government and therefore this will not reflect directly into any of the CPI sources," it said.
To calculate India's position this year, 9 out of 12 independent data sources specialising in governance and business climate analysis were also used.
These included Bertelsmann Foundation, World Bank and World Economic Forum. They helped in measuring perceptions of corruption in public sector and cross country comparability.
In his reaction, Chairman of Transparency International India S K Agarwal, said the "new Government has got fully majority on agenda of good governance and now it's high time to act and pass all pending anti corruption bills including the right of citizens for time bound delivery of goods and services and Redressal of their Grievances Bill".
The Berlin-based group's table is the most widely used gauge of corruption by governments, police, court systems, political parties and bureaucracies, a scourge it says undermines development and deepens poverty.
But this year TI highlighted the role multinational banks and the world's financial centres play in allowing the dodgy elites of some developing countries to stash away or launder their ill-gotten millions.
"Almost every banking scandal that involves money-laundering has gone beyond just small island-state tax havens to really point to illicit funds, corrupt funds, landing in the likes of London, New York, Frankfurt," TI advocacy and research director Robin Hodess told AFP.
She highlighted large fines paid by the bank HSBC to settle claims that it had allowed itself to be used by money launderers in Mexico, and by BNP Paribas for having transferred funds on behalf of Sudan and other countries blacklisted by the US.
First Published: Dec 03, 2014 12:42 IST