World Tuberculosis Day 2022: Expert offers insights on causes and prevention of TB

ByTapatrisha Das, Delhi
Mar 24, 2022 08:31 AM IST

World Tuberculosis Day 2022: What can we do to cure TB completely? What are the causes of the infection? An expert shares tips.

World Tuberculosis Day 2022: The day, observed on March 24 every year. Focuses on spreading awareness of the severity of the disease and the actions that should be taken in order to curb the spread of it. Tuberculosis, also referred to as TB, is a lung infection causes by a bacterium known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This bacterium is transmitted through infected droplets in the air which is then inhaled by a person, which causes the infection.

World Tuberculosis Day: Expert offers insights on causes and prevention of TB(Unsplash)
World Tuberculosis Day: Expert offers insights on causes and prevention of TB(Unsplash)

This year, World Tuberculosis Day focuses on the theme of - 'Invest to End TB. Save Lives.’ The disease, first referred to as the white plague, was discovered in March 24, 1882 by Dr. Robert Koch. It is believed that the lung infection was been around for more than 3 million years and is known by different names in different civilisations.

ALSO READ: World Tuberculosis Day 2022: Date, theme, history, significance of the day

Tuberculosis symptoms differ from person to person. Majority of the people infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis do not show any symptoms of the infection. However, the most common symptoms are constant coughing for more than two to three weeks, coughing up blood, feeling weak, losing weight and night sweats. But what are the main causes and the ways of prevention of TB?

In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Arunesh Kumar, HOD & senior consultant, pulmonology, Paras Hospitals, Gurugram said that the infection-causing bacterium spreads through air, by the act of sneezing, coughing or speaking. Once diagnosed with TB, the following steps can be taken to cure it completely:

Vaccination with BCG.

Improving the air circulation in indoor spaces.

Treating latent infection before it becomes active in selected cases.

Maintaining good nutrition.

Wearing mask when out and about.

Visit a physician if one has symptoms such as unexplained cough for more than 3 weeks, chest pain, fatigue, coughing up blood, sweating at night, fever, loss of appetite, and weight loss.


    Tapatrisha is Content Producer with Hindustan Times. She covers stories related to health, relationships, and fashion.

Story Saved
Live Score
Saved Articles
My Reads
My Offers
Sign out
New Delhi 0C
Sunday, May 28, 2023
Start 14 Days Free Trial Subscribe Now
Register Free and get Exciting Deals