Three-year-old from Mumbai who suffered brain stroke recovers
Doctors from a city hospital have successfully treated a three-year-old brain stroke patient, reportedly one of the youngest in the country. Neurosurgeons said the surgery is rare since medical literature has reported only 22 stroke cases in children younger than 16.
Doctors from Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, who performed the surgery in March, said they waited for 90 days after the surgery to assess its success. “Efficiency of such surgeries can only be analysed after three months as the blood flow restores in the paralysed part of the body,” said Dr Manish Shrivastava, head of interventional neuroradiology, KDAH.
He said that the team of doctors was surprised when the child’s parents brought her to the hospital in a paralysed state. The child had a history of fever, cold and the left side of her body became immobile after she fell from the bed during the illness.
Dr. Pradnya Gadgil, consultant -paediatric neurologist and epileptologist suspected that the child might have suffered a stroke.Dr.Shrivastava was called in to diagnose and treat the child.
“MRI tests revealed a clot in the right artery of the child’s heart which hampered the blood supply to the brain, leading to stroke. We informed the parents that it’s an extremely rare case because prevalence of strokes is high in the age group of 50-70 years,” Dr Shrivastava added.
The doctors then performed a surgery to remove the clot and restored blood flow to the brain. “Further diagnosis revealed that the child had developed infective endocarditis, an inflammation of the inner tissues of the heart, which led to vegetation growth on heart walls, which with time dislodged and blocked the right artery,” Dr Srivastava said.
However, three months after the surgery, the child is able to walk normally. Doctors said that apart from minor numbness in the fingers of her right hand, all functions are normal.
Doctors said that strokes among children are rare. “Occurrence of such events is rare because when it comes to children, brain abscess is more common. Previously in the country, there has been only one more case of a three-year-old being treated for stroke,” said a neurosurgeon from KEM Hospital.