Why Rajasthan ordinance disallowing questioning of state employees is shameful
Vasundhara Raje Scindia has abridged the fundamental freedoms India boasts off. She’s also damaged her party’s claim to uphold and honour India’s vibrant democracy. And, finally, she’s lowered India’s standing in the free world.
I thought I knew her but I’m starting to believe that Vasundhara Raje Scindia is not the politician I took her to be. The Rajasthan government’s recently revealed Criminal Laws (Rajasthan Amendment) Ordinance, which will shortly be converted into the Code of Criminal Procedure (Rajasthan Amendment) Act, is deeply disillusioning. It questions my assumption that the Rajasthan Chief Minister and I share the same respect for press freedom and the same belief that everyone is equal in the eyes of the law.
The Rajasthan ordinance – which the government hopes to convert into an act during the four-day legislature session which has just started – prohibits investigation without prior sanction against “a judge or a magistrate or a public servant” for any “act done by them while acting or purporting to act in discharge of their official duties”. That sanction can take anything up to six months. Secondly, till sanction is granted, the media cannot report accusations against such persons nor can activists take up the matter. If either do so, they could be jailed for two years.
First of all, this Ordinance ensures that judges, magistrates and public servants are treated differently to you and me if they are accused of corruption or any other criminal act. That is a clear violation of Article 14 of the constitution which declares everyone equal in front of the law. Also, the six months lag before sanction is given could be sufficient for evidence to be diluted, tampered with or even made to disappear. And since an investigating agency cannot verify its suspicions without a proper probe this could also ensure the necessary corroboration to pursue a case is not forthcoming. In effect, this protects public servants accused of corruption not just from prosecution but also investigation.
Arguably worse is the treatment of the media. One of the unquestioned jobs of all journalists and whistle-blowers is to expose venality but now the need for proper prior sanction places iron-clad fetters on the fulfilment of this task. Equally important, this clearly exceeds the restrictions permitted by the constitution under Article 19 (2) on freedom of speech. If legislated into a law the result will be to ban exposure of wrong doing whilst simultaneously undermining executive accountability and keeping the Indian public deliberately in the dark.
The Rajasthan Government justifies all of this on the grounds that its intention is to prevent motivated, frivolous and harassing allegations of corruption which hamper a public servant’s performance and, secondly, to protect their reputation. The government claims this is necessary because 73% of complaints against officers since 2013, when Vasundhara Raje’s government came to office, have not found anyone guilty.
Few if any will dispute that these are desirable objectives but the central question that the Rajasthan government must answer is different: is such draconian action necessary? The Code of Criminal Procedure and Prevention of Corruption Act already make prior sanction necessary. That means these additional fetters are a clear case of overkill. So the second question is will they be struck down by the Courts? Here you can only assume that they could be swept aside by the same arguments that struck down prior government clearance for a CBI investigation against an officer of joint secretary rank and above. Yesterday, when its bill was tabled in the Assembly, the state High Court also received two petitions challenging its constitutionality. We could have an answer fairly soon.
Meanwhile the restriction on journalism is Vasundhara Raje’s unique innovation. Maharashtra, which has similar provisions barring investigation/prosecution without sanction, has not imposed upon journalistic freedom. Secondly, the time granted for sanctioning is 90 not 180 days. So it seems Vasundhara Raje is clearly hoping that the initial denial and then the enhanced delay in granting sanction will ensure journalists tire and turn to something else.
Frankly, what Ms. Scindia has done is shameful. She’s abridged the fundamental freedoms India boasts off. She’s also damaged her party’s claim to uphold and honour India’s vibrant democracy. And, finally, she’s lowered India’s standing in the free world.
In 2013 Vasundhara Raje won 80% of the seats. I wonder what verdict the people of Rajasthan will pronounce next year.
The views expressed are personal