(From left) Akshay Thakur, Mukesh Singh, Pawan Gupta and Vinay Sharma.
(From left) Akshay Thakur, Mukesh Singh, Pawan Gupta and Vinay Sharma.

Dec 16 Delhi gang rape verdict: How the case proceeded

By Rocky Soibam Singh, New Delhi
UPDATED ON JUL 19, 2017 02:57 PM IST

The Supreme Court will on Friday pronounce its verdict on appeals by the four convicts of December 16, 2012, gang-rape and murder case against the death sentences awarded to them. The court had stayed the execution of the convicts three years ago.

The 2012 incident led to large-scale protests across the country, forcing the then government to make strict and punitive laws related to the harassment of women.

A bench headed by justice Dipak Misra had, in March this year, reserved the verdict after hearing the matter that was spread almost for a year.

Here’s a how the court case paned out:

• January 2, 2013: CJI Altamas Kabir inaugurates fast-track court (FTC) for speedy trial in the case

• January 3, 2013: Police files chargesheet against five adult accused of offences including murder, gang-rape, attempt to murder, kidnapping, unnatural offences and dacoity etc.

• January 5, 2013: Court takes cognisance of the chargesheet

• January 7, 2013: Court orders in-camera proceedings

• January 17, 2013: Fast-track court starts proceedings against 5 adult accused

• January 28, 2013: The Juvenile Justice Board (JJB) declares one of the rapists is a minor, sparking a fierce debate about the criminal justice system for under-18s and demands for him to stand trial as an adult

• February 2, 2013: The five adult accused are charged with a string of offences, including murder, gang-rape, kidnapping and robbery. They are sent to judicial custody in Tihar Jail

• February 28, 2013: JJB frames charges against the minor

• March 11, 2013: Ram Singh, the main accused and a public hate-figure, is found dead in his cell after an apparent suicide. His family and lawyer allege murder

• Mar 22, 2013: Delhi HC allows national media to report fast-track court proceedings

• July 8, 2013: Fast track court completes recording of testimonies of prosecution witnesses in the case

• July 11, 2013: JJB holds minor guilty of illegally confining and robbing a carpenter on December 16 night before allegedly taking part in the gang-rape

• July 25, 2013: JJB defers the verdict in the gang-rape-cum-murder case to August 5 after a PIL was filed in the Supreme Court seeking fresh interpretation of the term “juvenile”

• July 31, 2013: SC asks JJB not to pronounce verdict in the case till it decides the PIL of BJP leader Subramanian Swamy

• August 5, 2013: JJB defers verdict to August 19 as per the top court’s direction

• August 14, 2013: SC reserves order on maintainability of Swamy’s PIL

• August 19, 2013: JJB again defers verdict to August 31

• August 22, 2013: SC allows JJB to pronounce its verdict in the case involving the minor

• August 31, 2013: The juvenile suspect is found guilty of rape and murder and sentenced to 3 years in a correctional facility - the maximum possible sentence for the teenager under Indian laws

• September 10, 2013: A fast-track court convicts 4 accused on all 13 counts of offence

• September 13, 2013: Court awards death to all 4 convicts

• September 25, 2013: Delhi HC begin daily hearing on the death sentence confirmation case against the 4 convicts

• October 8, 2013: Two convicts – Mukesh and Pawan – change their counsel. Advocate ML Sharma is brought in.

• October 28, 2013: HC rejects plea for document translated in Hindi of the case including chargesheets, judgments etc

• November 12, 2013: SC asks HC not to rush through the hearing in the death confirmation case. It also directs the HC to provide Hindi translated documents to the convicts

• November 30, 2013: Victim’s parents challenge the Juvenile Justice Act, seeking a criminal trial against one of the accused who was then a juvenile

• December 11, 2013: The convicts’ counsel begin argument for the defence, says convicts were denied fair trial as they were tortured in jail

• January 3, 2014: The Delhi HC reserves its verdict on confirming the death sentence and appeals of the four convicts

• February 4, 2014: The Delhi HC slammed the Delhi government over the December 16 gangrape case, calling it lethargic and negligent.

• March 13, 2014: The Delhi HC upholds the death sentences awarded to the 4 convicts.

• March 16, 2014: The SC stays the death sentence of Mukesh (27) and Pawan (20)

• June 2, 2014: Remaining 2 death row convicts - Vinay (21) and Akshay (29) - move the SC against the Delhi HC verdict in the case

• July 14, 2014: The SC stays the execution of death penalty of Vinay and Akshay till further order

December 18, 2015: Delhi HC refuses to stay release of the minor accused; he was released after 3 years in a juvenile home

April 3, 2016: SC begins hearing appeals filed by the convict, after 19 months of being in cold storage

November 7, 2016: Senior advocate and amicus curiae Raju Ramachandran argues for the sentencing order to be set aside

November 28, 2016: Senior advocate and amicus curiae Sanjay Hegde argues against reliability of evidence

March 27, 2017: Supreme Court reserves verdict after nearly a year of hearing the case

May 5, 2017: Verdict today

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