If burns cover a large part of the body, it is sufficient to cover the area with a clean sheet or towel.health and fitness Updated: Sep 15, 2003 20:46 IST
Keep the patient quiet and reassure him.
Wrap him up in a clean cloth.
Do not remove adhering particles of charred clothing.
Cover the burnt area with a sterile or clean dressing and bandage. In the case of burns that cover a large part of the body it is sufficient to cover the area with a clean sheet or towel.
Keep the patient warm but do not over heat.
If the hands are involved, keep them above the level of the victim's heart.
Keep burnt feet or legs elevated.
If the victim's face is burnt, sit or prop him up and keep him under continuous observation for breathing difficulty. If respiratory problems develop, an open airway should be maintained.
Do not immerse the extensively burnt area or apply ice water over it because cold may intensify the shock reaction. However a cold pack may be applied to the face or hands or feet.
Do not open the blisters on the victim's skin.
Treat for shock.
Remove quickly from the body anything of constricting nature like rings, bangles, belt and boots. If this is not done early, it may be difficult later on as the limbs begin to swell.
If medical help or trained personnel cannot reach the scene for an hour or more and the victim is conscious and not vomiting, give him a weak solution of salt and soda (one level teaspoonful of salt and half a level teaspoonful of baking soda to each quart of water, neither hot nor cold) at home and enroute to the hospital. Allow him to sip slowly.
Give about four to five ounces to an adult over a period of 15 minutes, two ounces to a child between one and twelve years of age and one ounce to an infant below one year. Discontinue the fluid if vomiting occurs. Do not apply ointments, grease or any other material over the wound.