Here’s how opioids during pregnancy affects the child.(Unsplash)
Here’s how opioids during pregnancy affects the child.(Unsplash)

Mom’s use of opioids in pregnancy may lead to developmental delay in kids

About 1 in 7 affected children required special classroom services for problems including developmental delays and speech or language difficulties, compared with about 1 in 10 children not exposed to opioids before birth, the study found.
By HT Correspondent | Associated Press
PUBLISHED ON AUG 30, 2018 11:24 AM IST

Learning disabilities and other special education needs are common in children born with opioid-related symptoms from their mother’s drug use while pregnant, according to the first big U.S. study to examine potential long-term problems in these infants.

About 1 in 7 affected children required special classroom services for problems including developmental delays and speech or language difficulties, compared with about 1 in 10 children not exposed to opioids before birth, the study found.

The study highlights the “absolutely critical” importance of early detection and intervention, before these children reach school age, to give them a better chance of academic success, said Dr. Nathalie Maitre, a developmental specialist at Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, Ohio. “It really confirms what those of us who do neurodevelopment follow-up of these children are seeing.”

The study involved about 7,200 children aged 3 to 8 enrolled in Tennessee’s Medicaid program. Nearly 2,000 of them were born with what’s called newborn abstinence syndrome. It’s a collection of symptoms caused by withdrawal from their pregnant mother’s use of opioid drugs like prescription painkillers, heroin or fentanyl. The drugs can pass through the placenta into the developing nervous system.

Tremors, hard-to-soothe crying, diarrhoea and difficulty feeding and sleeping are among signs that infants are going through withdrawal. In Tennessee, hard hit by the nation’s opioid epidemic, the rate of affected infants soared from less than one per 1,000 hospital births in 1999 to 13 per 1,000 births in 2015.

Whether the study results would apply elsewhere is uncertain but in Tennessee, most children born with withdrawal symptoms are enrolled in that state’s Medicaid program. Also in Tennessee, a syndrome diagnosis qualifies kids to receive early intervention services.

Maitre, who wasn’t involved in the study, said she suspects the research may underestimate the magnitude of the problem, because it only captures kids who haven’t slipped through the cracks. The only previous comparable study was in Australia, published last year, showing that affected children had worse academic test scores in seventh grade than other kids.

The new study looked at how many kids were referred for possible learning disabilities and received school-based services for related difficulties. It did not examine academic performance. Results were released Thursday by the journal Pediatrics . The researchers said taking into account other factors that could affect children’s development — including birth weight and mothers’ education and tobacco use — didn’t change the results.

Study co-author Dr. William Schaffner of Vanderbilt University said it makes sense that opioid use in pregnancy could affect children’s later development. Some studies have found brain differences in affected children including in a region involved in certain types of learning.

But Dr. Mary-Margaret Fill, the lead author and a researcher with Tennessee’s health department, said these children “are definitely not doomed. There are great programs and services that exist to help these children and their families. We just have to make sure they get plugged in.”

SHARE THIS ARTICLE ON
Close
The research was published today in The Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved.(Unsplash)
The research was published today in The Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved.(Unsplash)

Study shows characteristics of high utilizers for psychiatric hospital services

ANI, Washington [us]
PUBLISHED ON FEB 28, 2021 04:07 PM IST
Dropping out of high school, having schizophrenia, or being diagnosed with a co-occurring personality disorder increases the likelihood of someone becoming a 'high utilizer' of inpatient psychiatric hospital services.
Close
The findings of the study will be published in the journal 'MIS Quarterly', a publication of the Management Information Systems Research Centre.(Pixabay)
The findings of the study will be published in the journal 'MIS Quarterly', a publication of the Management Information Systems Research Centre.(Pixabay)

Diabetes patients may witness improved health by use of mobile health apps

ANI, Washington [us]
PUBLISHED ON FEB 28, 2021 01:50 PM IST
A recent study has found that mobile health applications could benefit diabetes patients and that the use of health apps by diabetes patients could improve health outcomes and lower medical costs.
Close
Alia Bhatt's new fitness video(Instagram/sohfitofficial)
Alia Bhatt's new fitness video(Instagram/sohfitofficial)

Alia Bhatt's new hardcore workout video will leave you breathless, we bet

By Nishtha Grover, Delhi
PUBLISHED ON FEB 28, 2021 12:50 PM IST
  • A recent snippet from Alia Bhatt's gym session has gone viral on the internet and her fans are in awe of the actor and her body transformation.
Close
Aayush Sharma(Instagram)
Aayush Sharma(Instagram)

Bulked up Aayush Sharma resembles young Salman, reminisces about fitness advice

By hindustantimes.com | Edited by Alfea Jamal, Hindustan Times, Delhi
UPDATED ON FEB 28, 2021 10:57 AM IST
Revealing the reason behind his strong physique, actor Aayush Sharma on Saturday reminisced about the piece of advice he received about his body transformation.
Close
Fructose is commonly found in sugary drinks, sweets, and processed foods and is used widely in food production.(Pixabay)
Fructose is commonly found in sugary drinks, sweets, and processed foods and is used widely in food production.(Pixabay)

Study reveals fructose-rich diet may cause damage to immune system

ANI, Bristol [england]
PUBLISHED ON FEB 28, 2021 10:36 AM IST
A high sugar fructose diet might prevent the proper functioning of peoples' immune systems in ways that have, until now, largely been unknown.
Close
Ananya Panday does the Chakrasana like a champ (Instagram/ ananyapanday and anshukayoga)
Ananya Panday does the Chakrasana like a champ (Instagram/ ananyapanday and anshukayoga)

Power girl Ananya Panday is a champ at Chakrasana, these pics are proof

By Nishtha Grover, Delhi
PUBLISHED ON FEB 28, 2021 10:03 AM IST
  • Recently, images of Ananya Panday nailing various variations of the Chakrasana landed on the internet and left her fans speechless. Have you seen them yet?
Close
The findings of the study were published in the New England Journal of Medicine.(Unsplash)
The findings of the study were published in the New England Journal of Medicine.(Unsplash)

Study links poor quality carbohydrates rich diet to heart attacks, death risk

ANI, Washington [us]
PUBLISHED ON FEB 28, 2021 09:33 AM IST
While a balanced diet with an adequate amount of carbohydrates, fats, and sugar is advised to keep diseases at bay, a recent study has pointed out that consuming a diet high in poor quality carbohydrates has many ill effects.
Close
Researchers reveal plant-based diet lowers risk of dementia-related death in women(Unsplash)
Researchers reveal plant-based diet lowers risk of dementia-related death in women(Unsplash)

Plant-based diet lowers risk of sudden death in postmenopausal women: Research

ANI, Washington
PUBLISHED ON FEB 28, 2021 07:30 AM IST
  • A new study has revealed that postmenopausal women who consume lots of plant-based protein are less likely to die suddenly or have cardiovascular infections and dementia-related demise.
Close
Researchers analysed results from thousands of Covid-19 tests carried out each week as part of hospital screenings of healthcare staff in Cambridge, eastern England.(Pixabay)
Researchers analysed results from thousands of Covid-19 tests carried out each week as part of hospital screenings of healthcare staff in Cambridge, eastern England.(Pixabay)

Pfizer Covid-19 vaccine reduces transmission after one dose: UK study

Reuters, London
PUBLISHED ON FEB 27, 2021 06:56 PM IST
A single dose of Pfizer and BioNtech's Covid-19 vaccine cuts the number of asymptomatic infections and could significantly reduce the risk of transmission of the virus.
Close
A systematic review of multiple randomised controlled studies among adults with overweight or obesity showed that greater engagement in self-monitoring using digital health tools was associated with significant weight loss.(Pixabay)
A systematic review of multiple randomised controlled studies among adults with overweight or obesity showed that greater engagement in self-monitoring using digital health tools was associated with significant weight loss.(Pixabay)

Self-monitoring using digital health tools linked to weight loss: Study

ANI, Washington [us]
PUBLISHED ON FEB 27, 2021 06:30 PM IST
Researchers during a recent study found that using digital health tools to self-monitor health is associated with weight loss.
Close
Rakul Preet Singh shares new Yoga video(Instagram/ rakulpreet)
Rakul Preet Singh shares new Yoga video(Instagram/ rakulpreet)

Rakul Preet's Yoga pawri is what we need this weekend, here are its benefits

By Nishtha Grover, Delhi
PUBLISHED ON FEB 27, 2021 06:13 PM IST
  • Rakul Preet recently climbed the 'pawri ho rai hai' bandwagon and gave it a healthy twist. The actor was seen doing Yoga on the famous track and we are impressed.
Close
In addition, the study reports that stimulating mice with early-stage ataxia showed the most dramatic improvements.(Unsplash )
In addition, the study reports that stimulating mice with early-stage ataxia showed the most dramatic improvements.(Unsplash )

Movement for ataxia patients can be restored by brain stimulation and exercise

ANI, Washington [us]
PUBLISHED ON FEB 27, 2021 06:08 PM IST
The findings of recent research suggests that a combination of exercise and deep brain stimulation can have benefits for treating a rare genetic neurodegenerative disease called ataxia.
Close
Sofia Vergara(Instagram)
Sofia Vergara(Instagram)

Sofia Vergara is as stunning at 47 as in her 20s. Here's how she keeps in shape

By Alfea Jamal, Hindustan Times, Delhi
UPDATED ON FEB 27, 2021 06:08 PM IST
Sofia Vergara recently shared a throwback picture from the '90s, looking as sexy as ever in a tiny bikini. However the actor suffers from hypothyroidism, and keeping fit is quite a task. Read on for the fitness routine and diet behind her perfect hourglass figure.
Close
In an effort to close this disparity, a researcher at the University of Missouri recently created fitness picture books that help youth with autism exercise more frequently.(Unsplash)
In an effort to close this disparity, a researcher at the University of Missouri recently created fitness picture books that help youth with autism exercise more frequently.(Unsplash)

Physical activity in youth with autism can be boosted by picture books

ANI, Washington [us]
PUBLISHED ON FEB 27, 2021 03:50 PM IST
The findings of recent research have suggested that people with developmental disabilities don't exercise as often as their typically developed peers.
Close
The results were published in the journal Nature Metabolism.(Pixabay)
The results were published in the journal Nature Metabolism.(Pixabay)

Study identifies genes that increase risk of obesity and protect against disease

ANI, Copenhagen [denmark]
PUBLISHED ON FEB 27, 2021 03:19 PM IST
A team of researchers have identified a range of genes that are linked to both elevated levels of body fat, as well as offering protection from some of the negative health impacts of obesity.
Close
SHARE
Story Saved
OPEN APP