Indians wearing face masks as a precaution against the coronavirus shop at a market in New Delhi, India.(AP)
Indians wearing face masks as a precaution against the coronavirus shop at a market in New Delhi, India.(AP)

India slips a spot in UN’s human development index, ranks at 131 now: 8 points

Human Development Index is the measure of a nation’s health, education, and standards of living.
New Delhi | By hindustantimes.com | Edited by Arpan Rai
UPDATED ON DEC 16, 2020 08:02 PM IST

Dropping a spot further from its previous position, India on Wednesday ranked 131 among 189 countries in the 2020 human development index, according to a report released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

India has been positioned at 131 out of 189 countries and territories, according to the report. India had ranked 130 in 2018 in the index.

Human Development Index is the measure of a nation’s health, education, and standards of living.

Here is everything you need to know:

- According to the report, life expectancy of Indians at birth in 2019 was 69.7 years. This is a shade worse than India’s neighbouring country Bangladesh which has a life expectancy of 72.6 years. The life expectancy in Pakistan at 67.3 years, the 2020 Human Development Report said.

- In the medium human development, countries like India, Bhutan (129), Bangladesh (133), Nepal (142), and Pakistan (154) were ranked, the report said. India’s HDI value for 2019 is 0.645 which put it in the medium human development category.

- Excelling in Human Development yardstick, Norway topped the index, followed by Ireland, Switzerland, Hong Kong and Iceland.

- The UNDP report states that indigenous children in Cambodia, India and Thailand show more malnutrition-related issues such as stunting and wasting. ““In India different responses in parent behaviour as well as some disinvestment in girls’ health and education have led to higher malnutrition among girls than among boys as a consequence of shocks likely linked to climate change,” the report said.

- Decoding India’s rank, UNDP Resident Representative Shoko Noda said the drop in India’s ranking doesn’t mean “India didn’t do well but other countries did better”. India can help other countries too and lauded its commitment to reduce carbon emissions, Noda said.

- According to the report published by the United Nations Development Programme on Tuesday, India’s gross national income per capita fell to USD 6,681 in 2019 from USD 6,829 in 2018 on purchasing power parity (PPP) basis.

- The report said evidence from Colombia to India indicates that financial security and ownership of land improve women’s security and reduce the risk of gender-based violence, clearly indicating that owning land can empower women.

- Under the Paris Agreement, India pledged to reduce the emission intensity of its GDP from the 2005 level by 33–35 percent by 2030 and to obtain 40 percent of electric power capacity from non–fossil fuel sources by 2030, the report underlined. “As part of the plan, the National Solar Mission aims to promote solar energy for power generation and other uses to make solar energy competitive with fossil fuel–based options. Solar capacity in India increased from 2.6 gigawatts in March 2014 to 30 gigawatts in July 2019, achieving its target of 20 gigawatts four years ahead of schedule. In 2019, India ranked fifth for installed solar capacity,” the report said.

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