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Chronology of Mars Exploration

Chronology of Mars Exploration

india Updated: Jul 09, 2003 16:38 IST
None

1960
Marsnik 1 (Mars 1960A) - 10 October 1960 - Attempted Mars Flyby (Launch Failure)

Marsnik 2 (Mars 1960B) - 14 October 1960 - Attempted Mars Flyby (Launch Failure)

1961
1962
Sputnik 22 - 24 October 1962 - Attempted Mars Flyby
Mars 1 - 1 November 1962 - Mars Flyby (Contact Lost)
Sputnik 24 - 4 November 1962 - Attempted Mars Lander

1963
1964
Mariner 3 - 5 November 1964 - Attempted Mars Flyby
Mariner 4 - 28 November 1964 - Mars Flyby
Zond 2 - 30 November 1964 - Mars Flyby (Contact Lost)

1965
Zond 3 - 18 July 1965 - Lunar Flyby, Mars Test Vehicle

1966


1967


1968


1969


Mariner 6 - 25 February 1969 - Mars Flyby


Mariner 7 - 27 March 1969 - Mars Flyby


Mars 1969A - 27 March 1969 - Attempted Mars Orbiter (Launch Failure)


Mars 1969B - 2 April 1969 - Attempted Mars Orbiter (Launch Failure)



1970
1971

Mariner 8 - 8 May 1971 - Attempted Mars Flyby (Launch Failure)


Cosmos 419 - 10 May 1971 - Attempted Mars Orbiter/Lander


Mars 2 - 19 May 1971 - Mars Orbiter/ Attempted Lander


Mars 3 - 28 May 1971 - Mars Orbiter/ Lander


Mariner 9 - 30 May 1971 - Mars Orbiter



1972
1973

Mars 4 - 21 July 1973 - Mars Flyby (Attempted Mars Orbiter)


Mars 5 - 25 July 1973 - Mars Orbiter


Mars 6 - 5 August 1973 - Mars Lander (Contact Lost)


Mars 7 - 9 August 1973 - Mars Flyby (Attempted Mars Lander)



1974
1975


Viking 1 - 20 August 1975 - Mars Orbiter and Lander


Viking 2 - 9 September 1975 - Mars Orbiter and Lander



1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983


1984


1985


1986


1987


1988


Phobos1 - 7 July 1988 - Attempted Mars Orbiter/Phobos Landers


Phobos 2 - 12 July 1988 - Mars Orbiter/Attempted Phobos Landers



1989


1990


1991


1992


Mars Observer - 25 September 1992 - Attempted Mars Orbiter (Contact Lost)



1993
1994
1995
1996

Mars Global Surveyor - 07 November 1996 - Mars Orbiter


Mars 96 - 16 November 1996 - Attempted Mars Orbiter/Landers


Mars Pathfinder - 04 December 1996 - Mars Lander and Rover



1997


1998


Nozomi (Planet-B) - 3 July 1998 - Mars Orbiter


Mars Climate Orbiter - 11 December 1998 - Attempted Mars Orbiter



1999


Mars Polar Lander - 3 January 1999 - Attempted Mars Lander


Deep Space 2 (DS2) - 3 January 1999 - Attempted Mars Penetrators



2000


2001


2001


Mars Odyssey - 7 April 2001 - Mars Orbiter



2002


2003

Mars Express - 2 June 2003 - Mars Orbiter and Lander


Spirit (MER-A) - 10 June 2003 - Mars Rover


Opportunity (MER-B) - 7 July 2003 - Mars Rover


Courtesy:NASA