P-5 vows to refer Iran to UNSC
The resolution of the five permanent members asks the IAEA to refer the nuclear issue to the Security Council.india Updated: Feb 02, 2006 10:27 IST
The United Nation Security Council's five permanent members have agreed on a resolution to ask the UN nuclear watchdog agency to report Iran to the top world body over its nuclear programme.
The resolution asks the International Atomic Energy Agency's governing board to agree at a crisis meeting on Thursday to convey to the Security Council IAEA's reports raising doubts about the nature of Iran's nuclear work.
The draft calls on Iran to re-establish a freeze on uranium enrichment and related activities.
It also asks Iran to stop construction of a heavy water reactor that could be the source of plutonium for weapons.
Iran will also have to formally ratify an agreement allowing the IAEA greater inspecting authority.
Apart from that, Iran will have to give the IAEA additional power in its investigation of its nuclear program. This would include access to individuals for interviews and documentation on its black market nuclear purchases.
The IAEA also seeks to have a check on the sale and purchase of equipment that could be used for nuclear and non-nuclear purposes.
The draft resolution 'requests the Director General to report to the Security Council' on the steps Iran needs to take to dispel fears that it might want to make nuclear arms.
The text is likely to undergo some changes before being formally submitted for approval on Thursday.
Britain, France and Germany, who authored the draft for the European Union, are unlikely to agree to substantive modifications, according to a European diplomat.
The diplomat said that most board members, if not all, were expected to approve reporting Iran to the Security Council.
Although China and Russia are long-time allies and trading partners of Iran, they agreed to a statement that calls on the IAEA to transfer the Iran dossier to the Security Council. The developments were a boost to the United States, the main proponent of referral.