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Tribal leaders

After the separation of Bangladesh, large sections of the Balochi tribals led by the sardars revolted against the Punjabi domination of Pakistan.

india Updated: Sep 15, 2006 14:44 IST

Sardar Khair Bux Marri

Sardar Khair Bux Marri is the head of the militant Marri tribe. His tribe bore the brunt of the Pakistan Army's onslaught, and many members of the Marri tribe took shelter in the mountains to continue with their armed struggle, which lasted until 1975.

After the suppression of the revolt, he lived in exile in Kabul and London and came back after working a deal with the Govt in the early 1980s.

He mostly kept to himself after his return. But recently, he was indicted in the murder of Balochistan High Court Judge, Khuda Bux Marri.

It was rumoured that his son Mir Ballach Marri actually pulled the trigger in the elder Marri's presence. His son is now hiding in the Marri tribal area and supposedly leading the current resistance.

Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti

The octogenarian nationalist leader was killed in an army-backed operation on August 26, 2006.

The Head of the Bugti tribe had been at the forefront of failed uprisings in Balochistan in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s and once again in 2005.

He had been engaged in conflict with the Pakistan federation over the issue of gas royalties as well as development of the region since 1948.

Sardar Ataullah Mengal

He was Chief Minister of Balochistan during PM Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto's regime.

After the separation of Bangladesh in 1971, large sections of the Balochi tribals led by Sardar Ataullah Khan Mengal revolted against the Punjabi domination of Pakistan and demanded the creation of an independent Balochistan consisting of the Balochi-inhabited areas of Pakistan and Iran.

Among their grievances against Islamabad were: Neglect of the economic development of the area; discrimination against the Balochis in respect of recruitment to the civilian government services and the armed forces; the policy of resettlement of large numbers of Punjabi and Pashtun ex-servicemen in Balochistan.

These grievances were not recognised as legitimate by the Pakistan government, which saw it as attempts by the tribal lords to create their own kingdom in Balochistan.