Surprisingly, participants smiled more often when they got the answer wrong.(Shutterstock)
Surprisingly, participants smiled more often when they got the answer wrong.(Shutterstock)

Smiling doesn’t necessarily mean that you feel happy

A smiling expression may not indicate actual happiness, says a new study.
By HT Correspondent | Asian News International
UPDATED ON SEP 08, 2018 10:57 AM IST

Turns out, if you are smiling, it does not necessarily indicate that you are happy. Also, it is usually believed that a person is happy when they are engaging with another person or group of people. However, a new research at Brighton and Sussex Medical School (BSMS), led by body language expert Dr Harry Witchel, discipline leader in Physiology at BSMS, shows this is not always the case.

Witchel claims that the way people often behave during one-to-one Human-Computer-Interaction (HCI) is as if they were socially engaged. His research involved asking 44 participants aged 18-35 to play a geography quiz game consisting of nine difficult questions so that they often got the answer wrong.

Seated participants interacted with a computer alone in a room while their faces were video recorded. After the quiz, the participants were asked to rate their subjective experience using a range of 12 emotions including ‘bored’, ‘interested’ and ‘frustrated’.

Meanwhile, their spontaneous facial expressions were then computer analysed frame by frame in order to judge how much they were smiling based on a scale of between 0 to 1. Witchel said, “According to some researchers, a genuine smile reflects the inner state of cheerfulness or amusement. Our study showed that in these Human-Computer Interaction experiments, smiling is not driven by happiness; it is associated with subjective engagement, which acts like a social fuel for smiling, even when socialising with a computer on your own.”

The frame by frame smile analysis broke down each of the nine questions into a question and answer period. Participants did not tend to smile during the period when they were trying to figure out the answers. However, they did smile right after the computer game informed them if their answer was correct or wrong, and surprisingly, participants smiled more often when they got the answer wrong. The full findings are present in the Journal of the ACM.

Follow @htlifeandstyle for more

SHARE THIS ARTICLE ON
Close
Representational image(Unsplash)
Representational image(Unsplash)

Here's why individuals with higher income feel more proud and confident

ANI, Washington Dc
PUBLISHED ON MAR 07, 2021 04:43 PM IST
People with higher incomes, in general, feel more proud, more confident and less apprehensive in comparison to those individuals who earn a lower income, although they may not feel more compassionate, caring, or cherishing, showed the findings of a recent study
Close
Happy Women's Day
Happy Women's Day

Women's Day 2021: Wishes, images, quotes to share with your special ladies

By hindustantimes.com, Hindustan Times, Delhi
PUBLISHED ON MAR 07, 2021 04:25 PM IST
International Women's Day (IWD) is celebrated annually on March 8 all over the world, here are some images, quotes and wishes you can share with the special ladies in your life.
Close
Britain's Prince Harry and his wife Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, arrive at the Endeavour Fund Awards in London, Britain, March 5, 2020. (REUTERS)
Britain's Prince Harry and his wife Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, arrive at the Endeavour Fund Awards in London, Britain, March 5, 2020. (REUTERS)

Prince Harry, Meghan Markle to delve into tough royal split with Oprah Winfrey

AP, Los Angeles
PUBLISHED ON MAR 07, 2021 04:19 PM IST
The show, which includes Winfrey’s interviews with Meghan and Harry, will air first in the United States — Meghan’s home country — at 8 p.m. Eastern. Hours earlier, Harry’s grandmother, Queen Elizabeth II, will deliver a royal address before Commonwealth Day.
Close
Taj Mahal(Unsplash)
Taj Mahal(Unsplash)

Women's Day: Free entry for women visitors to all centrally protected monuments

PTI, India
UPDATED ON MAR 07, 2021 04:25 PM IST
Women visitors, both foreign and Indian, will be allowed free entry to all centrally protected monuments on March 8 to mark International Women's Day, the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) said in an order on Saturday.
Close
Bollywood divas have lately been snapped wearing a lot of athleisure looks during their casual day outs. However, Disha Patani and Kiara Advani have taken things up a notch by wearing fun monotone comfy outfits and giving it a summery twist.(Varinder Chawla)
Bollywood divas have lately been snapped wearing a lot of athleisure looks during their casual day outs. However, Disha Patani and Kiara Advani have taken things up a notch by wearing fun monotone comfy outfits and giving it a summery twist.(Varinder Chawla)

Disha Patani and Kiara Advani make a strong case for bright-coloured athleisure

By Nishtha Grover, Delhi
PUBLISHED ON MAR 07, 2021 04:05 PM IST
  • Athleisure has made its way into our wardrobes and it is here to stay. Celebrities also love a good lounge wear set which they can wear at home and also run last minute errands in. However, Disha Patani and Kiara Advani are giving athleisure a summer twist with bright and bold colours and we love it.
Close
The study representing nearly two million adults worldwide was published in the American Heart Association's flagship journal Circulation.(Unsplash)
The study representing nearly two million adults worldwide was published in the American Heart Association's flagship journal Circulation.(Unsplash)

Eating daily servings of fruits and vegetables helpful for longer life

ANI, Dallas [us]
PUBLISHED ON MAR 07, 2021 03:29 PM IST
Researchers during a recent study found that eating about five daily servings, two of which were fruits and three vegetables, is likely the optimal amount needed in order to sustain longer life.
Close
Mouni Roy in bright red suit(Instagram/ imouniroy)
Mouni Roy in bright red suit(Instagram/ imouniroy)

Mouni Roy looks like a beautiful bride in 34k embroidered kurta and pants

By Nishtha Grover, Delhi
PUBLISHED ON MAR 07, 2021 02:40 PM IST
  • Mouni Roy recently shared images from a new photo shoot wearing a gorgeous bright red kurta, ijaar pants and bandhani dupatta. She looked like a dreamy dulhan in the images. All the brides-to-be take note.
Close
The variations result from differences in recommendations for and consumptions of individual foods within the six main food groups - protein foods, dairy, grains, fruits, vegetables, and oils/fats.(Pixabay)
The variations result from differences in recommendations for and consumptions of individual foods within the six main food groups - protein foods, dairy, grains, fruits, vegetables, and oils/fats.(Pixabay)

Study uncovers association of greenhouse gas emissions with dietary guidelines

ANI, Washington [us]
PUBLISHED ON MAR 07, 2021 01:32 PM IST
A study drove by the Nutrition Journal, involving seven countries discovered that greenhouse gas emissions associated with national dietary guidelines advocating a healthy diet vary greatly between countries.
Close
Women police personnel with all women PCR van at Rajpath in New Delhi. (Photo:Ravi Choudhary/HT)
Women police personnel with all women PCR van at Rajpath in New Delhi. (Photo:Ravi Choudhary/HT)

Women cops taking over the city this Women’s Day

By Ruchika Garg, New Delhi
PUBLISHED ON MAR 07, 2021 01:28 PM IST
Maximum possible women personnel are deployed in the city to celebrate the women’s day. This is to enhance the visibility of women cops in the Capital.
Close
Meghan Markle and Prince Harry, (R) her Los Angeles home she shared with her ex-husband.(Instagram)
Meghan Markle and Prince Harry, (R) her Los Angeles home she shared with her ex-husband.(Instagram)

Inside Meghan Markle's old $1.7m marital home before she married Prince Harry

By Alfea Jamal, Hindustan Times, Delhi
PUBLISHED ON MAR 07, 2021 01:26 PM IST
Currently, the Duke and Duchess of Sussex reside in a $14 million estate in the secluded neighbourhood of Montecito, which is home to other celebrities including Oprah Winfrey, Tom Cruise and Ellen DeGeneres.
Close
Chrissy Teigen dances to Bollywood song(Instagram/chrissyteigen and YouTube)
Chrissy Teigen dances to Bollywood song(Instagram/chrissyteigen and YouTube)

Chrissy Teigen dances to Varun Dhawan and Parineeti Chopra's Jaaneman Aah in NY

By Nishtha Grover, Delhi
PUBLISHED ON MAR 07, 2021 12:53 PM IST
  • Model and celebrity chef Chrissy Teigen made her desi fans extremely happy as she danced to the Varun Dhawan and Parineeti Chopra starrer Bollywood song Jaaneman Aah from the film Dishoom.
Close
Sydney's Mayor Clover Moore, bottom right, marches in the Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras parade at the Sydney Cricket Ground in Sydney, Saturday, March 6, 2021. The annual event has been forced into a sport stadium due to Covid-19 restrictions.(AP)
Sydney's Mayor Clover Moore, bottom right, marches in the Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras parade at the Sydney Cricket Ground in Sydney, Saturday, March 6, 2021. The annual event has been forced into a sport stadium due to Covid-19 restrictions.(AP)

Sydney's LGBTQI Mardi Gras goes ahead, with Covid restrictions

AP, Sydney
PUBLISHED ON MAR 07, 2021 12:49 PM IST
Sydney’s annual iconic Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras went ahead on Saturday, only in a different format due to coronavirus restrictions.
Close
The global population is ageing, and so are their eyes. In fact, the number of people with vision impairment and blindness is expected to more than double over the next 30 years.(Unsplash)
The global population is ageing, and so are their eyes. In fact, the number of people with vision impairment and blindness is expected to more than double over the next 30 years.(Unsplash)

Study shows that mortality is associated with vision impairment

ANI, Washington [us]
PUBLISHED ON MAR 07, 2021 12:30 PM IST
Researchers recently during a meta-analysis found that blindness and impairment of vision are closely associated with increased mortality risk. This has prompted a need to address global eye health disparities.
Close
The state relaxed guidelines for reopening outdoor venues. Covid-19 infection rates, hospitalizations and deaths have plunged, and vaccination rates are rising.(Unsplash)
The state relaxed guidelines for reopening outdoor venues. Covid-19 infection rates, hospitalizations and deaths have plunged, and vaccination rates are rising.(Unsplash)

California OKs reopening ball parks and Disneyland

AP, Sacramento, California
PUBLISHED ON MAR 07, 2021 11:56 AM IST
California has cleared a path for fans to hit the stands at opening day baseball games and return to Disneyland nearly a year after coronavirus restrictions shuttered major entertainment spots.
Close
In a paper published in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, researchers looked at the effect of feeding mice a high-fat diet on oxidative stress levels on heart cells.(Unsplash)
In a paper published in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, researchers looked at the effect of feeding mice a high-fat diet on oxidative stress levels on heart cells.(Unsplash)

Study uncovers high fat diets may lead to greater risk of heart attacks

ANI, Washington [us]
PUBLISHED ON MAR 07, 2021 11:48 AM IST
A study led by a team of researchers from the University of Reading uncovered that consumption of high-fat diets may over-activate destructive heart disease protein, increasing the risk of a heart attack.
Close
SHARE
Story Saved
OPEN APP