Facing wipeout, Myanmar govt vows to ‘respect’ poll result

Myanmar’s military-backed government vowed Wednesday to respect the country’s election result despite staring at a poll wipeout, as opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi called for talks with the president and the powerful army chief.

world Updated: Nov 12, 2015 08:23 IST
A man looks at a graffiti congratulating Myanmar's opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi and her party's election victory in Mandalay, Myanmar.(AP)

Myanmar’s military-backed government vowed Wednesday to respect the country’s election result despite staring at a poll wipeout, as opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi called for talks with the president and the powerful army chief.

Government beckons for Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD) party after it took nearly 90 percent of the seats declared so far.

Although poll officials are yet to announce the NLD as winners, Myanmar’s balance of power, dominated for half a century by the army and its allies, appears poised to be redrawn.

But Suu Kyi’s supporters remain anxious at how the army will respond to a mauling at the polls, with memories still keen of the 1990 election -- won by the NLD but then swatted away by the army.

Timeline on Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi, who called for a "reconciliation" talks with Myanmar's president and the nation's army as her pro-democracy party sat poised for landslide election victory. (AFP)

In the first official reaction by the army-backed ruling party, Information Minsiter Ye Htut congratulated the NLD on its gains so far and vowed to “respect and obey the decision of the electorate”.

“We will work peacefully in the transfer” of responsibilities to the winning party, he said in a letter posted on Facebook, adding talks with Suu Kyi could be held after the official result is annnounced.

By the afternoon election officials had handed the NLD another 48 seats, taking its tally to 211 of the 232 seats announced so far.

The NLD needs around another 120 seats across the upper and lower houses for an outright majority, but looks on course to smash through that marker.

A woman reads a copy of "D-Wave a newspaper featuring Myanmar's opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi and patron Tin Oo on it's cover in a street restaurant in Yangon, Myanmar. (AP)

Earlier, Suu Kyi sent letters to President Thein Sein, Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing as well as influential parliamentary speaker Shwe Mann, calling for “national reconciliation” talks next week.

“Citizens have expressed their will in the election,” she said of the NLD’s blitz of the ruling party in Sunday’s election.

Suu Kyi’s early move to reach out to the army and its political allies shows willingness to work with her former captors -- who kept her under house arrest for 15 years -- to cut through Myanmar’s tangled politics.

Analysts say difficult months lie ahead, with the army still in charge of key levers of power, protected by a constitution it wrote gifting the military 25 percent of all parliamentary seats as well as key security posts.

The document also blocks the 70-year-old Suu Kyi from becoming president despite her position as the democracy movement’s magnetic force.

Various fans with portraits of Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi are seen for sale outside the National League for Democracy (NLD) party headquarters in Yangon. (AFP)

Ruling party wipeout

The NLD needs 67 percent of the contested seats to form a majority. But it is eyeing a much bigger margin -- and greater clout inside the new parliament.

The democracy figurehead, who retained her seat in Kawhmu constituency, has vowed to rule from “above the president”, indicating she will use a proxy to sidestep the bar on her taking the top office.

Parliamentary speaker Shwe Mann, a former high ranking general, had been tipped as a compromise candidate for the presidency -- although his star has waned inside the USDP before he too lost his seat.

The drip-feed of election results has brought frustration to NLD supporters, many of whom have waited 25 years since the party last contested a poll to cast their vote.

A woman purchases a calendar of Aung San Suu Kyi – who says she plans to circumvent the ban on her becoming president that the generals wrote into the Constitution – in Yangon, Myanmar. (NYT)

“We know we won 80 percent... hopefully we will get confirmation today,” said Ko Ko, who runs an air-conditioning company in Yangon.

“We expect Daw Suu to change the country... I voted for change,” he added.

Sunday’s election has left the ruling Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) in tatters, taking just a handful of seats so far, with several party heavyweights bundled out off their constituencies by voters.

A young woman carries a basket on her head in Dala on November 11, 2015. Aung San Suu Kyi's opposition appeared on the verge of a landslide election win that could finally reset Myanmar after decades of army control, as a top member of the ruling party said they had "lost completely". (AFP)

Election authorities have said it could take another 10 days, or more, to announce a winner.

‘Mother Suu’, as she is affectionately known, has said a democratic government would not seek to punish historic abuses by the military, but a massive popular mandate may prod them to sit down with their chief antagonist.

Stacked with former military men, the USDP has led a quasi-civilian government since 2011.

The party says it has guided the country through the major economic and social reforms that led to Sunday’s election, which is believed to have seen a massive 80 percent voter turnout.

Its critics condemn it as a stooge of the army, which ruled as a junta for half a century.

First Published: Nov 11, 2015 18:24 IST