World heritage day: Haryana's rich history shines bright in it's monuments
Haryana as a seperate state came into existence in 1966, before which it was a part of the Punjab province. But, it has a rich lineage and has a number of historical sights spread all over.
If you are planning to make a trip to Haryana, make sure you visit all these places:
1) Shobha Sarovar
Photo credit: Haryanatourism.gov.in
Built during the 18th century, Shobha Sarovar is one the monuments whose architecture is based on the principle of conservation of water. Based in Narnaul, it was built by Rai Bal Mukund Das, who served as a superintendent of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The sarovar has a elegant entry and a flight of steps that lead to the water.
2) Rai Bal Mukund Das Ka Chatta, Narnaul
Also known as Birbal Ka Chatta, the palace belonged to Rai Bal Mukund Das (superintendent of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan). Rai Bal Mukund Das Ka Chatta is known for its architectural excellence. It’s a five storeyed structure with hall, terraces and room around a central courtyard.
The building originally had three underground floors but presently only one level is accessible. The remains of a large water cooling system can also be seen in the basement.
3) Jal Mahal
The epihgarh on the wall of Jal Mahal states, “This pleasant building whose water and air are refreshing like paradise was constructed by Shah Quli Khan in 1591 AD.” Shah Quli Khan was the then governor of Narnaul and it said to be favourite of emperor Akbar.
Jal Mahal is located in the midst of a large water body with green landscape surrounding it. It is a fusion of Hindu and Islamic architectural styles. The layout of Jal Mahal shows a finely developed system of filling the huge water tank with rain water with a provision for controlled discharge so as to prevent the water from stagnating.
4) Tomb of Ibrahim Khan Sur, Narnaul
Located in Narnaul, tomb of Ibrahim Khan Sur was built in 1538-1545 AD by Sher Shah Suri (founder of Sur Empire). Sher Shah Suri build this tomb in the memory of this grandfather Ibrahim Khan Suri.
Ibrahim Khan Suri had served as an officer in the imperial army of the Lodhi and died here. The most interesting fact of this tomb is, Sher Shah built this tomb 50 years after the death of Sher Shah Suri.
5) Buddh Stupa, Yamunagar
Photo credit:The Buddhist Forum
Buddh Stupa in Chaneti was built in the 3rd century BC. It is said that during the reign of the Mauryan emperor Ashok, the ancient city of Shrughna, which is presently called Sugh, was an important centre of Buddhism.
This stupa is built on similar lines to the Shahpur and Dharamrajika stupas of Taxila. It is situated at a distance of about three kilometers northwest of Sugh.
6) Lat Ki Masjid, Hisar
The Lat Ki Masjid, constructed in the 14th century is a mosque located to the east end of the Feroz Shah complex, opposite to the Talaqi Gate. The monument gets its name from the ancient column located within the courtyard.
The column which is in the form of a tapering cylinder with a finial has an iron rod set in the top. The mosque consists of colonnaded prayer hall and a chamber, planned around a courtyard.
7) Tomb of Shah Quli Khan, Narnaul
Shah Quli Khan built this tomb in 16th century in the memory of this father. Shah Quli Khan was the governor of Narnaul during the Mughal emperor Akbar.
The two storeyed tomb stands on a raised octagonal platform. While white marble has been used on the lower level, the upper level has been plastered in lime.
8) Chamunda Devi Temple, Narnaul
Photo credit:Let's See India
Chamuda Devi temple is considered to be in built in 12th century by Raja Laun Karan who was then the ruler of Narnaul. Raja Laun Karan is said to have been an ardent devotee of Chamunda Devi.
A mosque was built on the top of this temple during the Mughal period. After the independence, the locals rediscovered the temple during digging. The temple has been restored since.