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fertility rate

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Despite government efforts to encourage childbirths, China's annual births have continued to plummet to a record low of 12 million in 2020, the National Bureau of Statistics said last month.(Unsplash)

China allows couples to have 3 children, up from 2: Report

AFP | | Posted by Prashasti Singh
PUBLISHED ON MAY 31, 2021 01:33 PM IST
For almost 40 years, China enforced a controversial "one-child policy" -- one of the strictest family planning regulations worldwide -- which was lifted in 2016 due to widespread concerns over an ageing workforce and economic stagnation.
The Centre has left no room for ambiguity in its submission to the Supreme Court that it is against enforcing the two-child norm(File Photo)
The Centre has left no room for ambiguity in its submission to the Supreme Court that it is against enforcing the two-child norm(File Photo)

Focus on people, not the population | HT Editorial

Hindustan Times | By HT Correspondent
UPDATED ON DEC 13, 2020 08:31 PM IST
India’s family planning programme has been voluntary and non-coercive, a tribute to the State’s commitment to personal liberty and democracy. And this has largely been successful
Passengers are in queue outside of Patna Junction during the total lockdown to curb the spread of Coronavirus disease. Bihar India on Saturday.
Passengers are in queue outside of Patna Junction during the total lockdown to curb the spread of Coronavirus disease. Bihar India on Saturday.

Why Bihar lags in population control

Hindustan Times, New Delhi | By Roshan Kishore and Vijdan Mohammad Kawoosa
UPDATED ON JUL 13, 2020 02:51 AM IST
To bring down fertility levels, state could learn how to encourage the use of modern contraceptives from UP
The total fertility rate, or TFR, of a country is an average number of children a woman produces in her life-time in a particular country.(HT File Photo)
The total fertility rate, or TFR, of a country is an average number of children a woman produces in her life-time in a particular country.(HT File Photo)

What works for India’s Family Planning Programme

Hindustan Times, New Delhi | By Rhythma Kaul
PUBLISHED ON FEB 21, 2020 06:25 PM IST
Most recently ‘Mission Pariwar Vikas’ was launched in 2016, for improved access to contraceptives and family planning services in high fertility districts spreading over seven high focus states.
In a just-published working paper, economist Charles Jones of Stanford University built some models to show that so-called natalist policies may be “much more important than we have appreciated” in determining whether nations, and the world as a whole, will end up with a shrinking population and no economic growth - or with both the population and the economy on a path of steady growth.(Unsplash)
In a just-published working paper, economist Charles Jones of Stanford University built some models to show that so-called natalist policies may be “much more important than we have appreciated” in determining whether nations, and the world as a whole, will end up with a shrinking population and no economic growth - or with both the population and the economy on a path of steady growth.(Unsplash)

Making babies to grow economies won’t work

By Leonid Bershidsky , Bloomberg
UPDATED ON JAN 21, 2020 01:26 PM IST
In his recent state of the nation address, Russian President Vladimir Putin spent about 20 minutes on a sweeping constitutional reform proposal designed to keep him in power indefinitely - and about twice as much time on ideas meant to boost the birth rate.
Marriage and childbirth are increasingly divisive topics in South Korea.(Unsplash)
Marriage and childbirth are increasingly divisive topics in South Korea.(Unsplash)

No sex, no babies: S.Korea’s emerging feminists reject marriage

Seoul | By Reuters
UPDATED ON JAN 20, 2020 03:32 PM IST
Two South Korean YouTubers who vow to stay single have caused uproar in the east Asian nation as it battles the world’s lowest fertility rate.
Social factors, such as age at marriage, age at first birth, education of girls for maternal and infant well-being, and promoting a basket of contraceptive choices find prominence in the policy(Shutterstock)
Social factors, such as age at marriage, age at first birth, education of girls for maternal and infant well-being, and promoting a basket of contraceptive choices find prominence in the policy(Shutterstock)

ICPD @ 25: India must prioritise reproductive rights

By Poonam Muttreja
UPDATED ON NOV 11, 2019 02:06 PM IST
ICPD would be a tough act to follow but when we reconvene at ICPD+25, I hope it will give us renewed fervour, energy and thought leadership to work towards the unfinished agenda
The number of births in China fell in the first six months of 2019 in both urban and rural areas.(Getty Images/Blend Images)
The number of births in China fell in the first six months of 2019 in both urban and rural areas.(Getty Images/Blend Images)

Birth rates keep falling in China; in one mega city by 30 percent

Hindustan Times, Beijing | By Sutirtho Patranobis
UPDATED ON SEP 20, 2019 08:10 AM IST
In Chongqing, one of China’s four directly-administered municipalities with a population of 31million, the rate of new births fell by a sharp 30 percent; in real terms, there were 68400 fewer births compared to the same period last year.
When men change their behaviour, it is likely that attitudes towards family size and contraception will also change(SHUTTERSTOCK)
When men change their behaviour, it is likely that attitudes towards family size and contraception will also change(SHUTTERSTOCK)

The population debate: Involve men in care and planning

Hindustan Times | By Lalita Panicker
PUBLISHED ON AUG 31, 2019 07:33 PM IST
Family planning which focuses only on women, and executed largely by women workers, will not yield the appropriate results. Male workers can convince men of the need for institutional deliveries and inform husbands of the need to be involved in child care
Any liberal democratic society must ensure regional, religious and economic stability through neutral population policy and programmes(AFP)
Any liberal democratic society must ensure regional, religious and economic stability through neutral population policy and programmes(AFP)

Understanding the PM’s concerns on population | Opinion

By Rakesh Sinha
UPDATED ON AUG 16, 2019 07:22 AM IST
There is a mismatch between resources and population, causing instability. India must address the issue
Image for representation(REUTERS FILE PHOTO)
Image for representation(REUTERS FILE PHOTO)

Religion just one facet of India’s population explosion debate | Analysis

Hindustan Times, New Delhi | By Vijdan Mohammad Kawoosa
UPDATED ON JUL 18, 2019 06:15 AM IST
Expressing concern over a “population explosion” in India, Union minister Giriraj Singh last week suggested, for the second time, that Indians with more than two children be deprived of their right to vote.
(Santosh Kumar)
(Santosh Kumar)

Bihar poised to become 2nd most populous state by 2041

Hindustan Times, Patna | By Ruchir Kumar
PUBLISHED ON JUL 11, 2019 10:34 AM IST
Bihar’s child per woman ratio is 3.3, higher than the national average of 2.3. The state also has a significant number of teenage births. Out of the annual 30 lakh births in the state, 3.5 lakh (approx.) are teenage births, contributing to the state’s high maternal and infant mortality as well as morbidity.

New data rubbishes population doomsday scenario

Hindustan Times | By Manoj R Nair
PUBLISHED ON JUL 07, 2019 11:27 PM IST
Population experts have said that while India’s large population presents challenges in providing food, housing, jobs and other essentials, the country has entered a demographic stage when a plateauing of population and a subsequent decline in numbers is just decades away
This change in the age composition of the population comes with certain implications.(HT Photo)
This change in the age composition of the population comes with certain implications.(HT Photo)

Workforce to expand in size, more jobs needed: Economic Survey

New Delhi | By Vijdan Mohammad Kawoosa
UPDATED ON MAY 28, 2020 06:26 PM IST
The slowdown in fertility rate along with an increase in life expectancy is ageing the population – the share of working and older population is increasing while the share of younger population is declining.
Indian commuters make their way through a central railway station at rush hour on World Population Day in Chennai on July 11, 2018. / AFP PHOTO / ARUN SANKAR(AFP/Representative Image)
Indian commuters make their way through a central railway station at rush hour on World Population Day in Chennai on July 11, 2018. / AFP PHOTO / ARUN SANKAR(AFP/Representative Image)

‘Awareness is the key to reduce fertility rate’: UP health minister

Hindustan Times, Lucknow | By HT Correspondent, Lucknow
UPDATED ON JUN 26, 2019 12:19 PM IST
UP medical and health minister Siddharth Nath Singh said the fertility rate in the 11 districts of UP including Barabanki and Baharaich was 2.1%.
The world’s population will increase to 9.7 billion by 2050, going up by 2 bn from the earlier 7.7 bn, shows a new United Nations report launched on Monday.(PTI)
The world’s population will increase to 9.7 billion by 2050, going up by 2 bn from the earlier 7.7 bn, shows a new United Nations report launched on Monday.(PTI)

India to overtake China as most populous country in next 8 years: UN

New Delhi | By HT Correspondent
UPDATED ON JUN 18, 2019 10:30 AM IST
The global population could reach its peak around the end of the current century, with an estimated population of 11 bn, according to the UN report.
Representational image of lab test(Unsplash)
Representational image of lab test(Unsplash)

World’s oldest semen still viable say researchers

Indo Asian News Service | By Indo Asian News Service, Sydney
UPDATED ON MAR 20, 2019 03:37 PM IST
A 50-year-old frozen semen from a ram, believed to be the oldest in the world, is still achieving high fertility rates with the successful impregnation of 34 living sheep, according to researchers from the University of Sydney.
If federalism is the glue that has kept the world’s largest democracy together, there are growing signs that this adhesive is becoming unstuck.(Sonu Mehta/HT PHOTO)
If federalism is the glue that has kept the world’s largest democracy together, there are growing signs that this adhesive is becoming unstuck.(Sonu Mehta/HT PHOTO)

Lok Sabha election 2019: A new challenge for federalism

By Milan Vaishnav and Jamie Hintson
UPDATED ON MAR 13, 2019 07:47 AM IST
Indian states have grown at drastically at different rates over the past 40 years, and seat allocation has not kept pace — leading to different sets of objections from the southern and northern states.
China’s population will peak in 2029 at 1.44 billion before beginning a period of “unstoppable” decline, a government report said.(AP File Photo)
China’s population will peak in 2029 at 1.44 billion before beginning a period of “unstoppable” decline, a government report said.(AP File Photo)

China’s population set to peak at 1.44 billion in 2029: Report

Shanghai | By Reuters
UPDATED ON JAN 07, 2019 10:00 AM IST
By the middle of the century, China’s population is expected to drop to 1.36 billion - a fall in the labour force of close to 200 million. The study also predicted a rise in the dependency rate (increase in the proportion of non-working people like the elderly and the children).
Adequate total expenditure on health care by citizens but over 50 million people returning to poverty each year because of health shocks, having to once again claw their way back up.(Hindustan Times)
Adequate total expenditure on health care by citizens but over 50 million people returning to poverty each year because of health shocks, having to once again claw their way back up.(Hindustan Times)

India’s health care sector needs fresh ideas

By Nachiket Mor
UPDATED ON JAN 02, 2019 07:43 AM IST
The India of naked, hungry, and homeless, teeming millions is all but gone. But India must promote the orderly development of its entire health system and address many of the challenges that it now faces.
Fertility decline has been the slowest in Bihar, which is the third-most populated state after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra, with a population of 110 million.(Getty Images/iStockphoto)
Fertility decline has been the slowest in Bihar, which is the third-most populated state after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra, with a population of 110 million.(Getty Images/iStockphoto)

Free contraceptives, but only for the wedded

Hindustan Times, Samasthipur (Bihar) | By Sanchita Sharma
PUBLISHED ON DEC 10, 2018 07:19 AM IST
Fertility decline has been the slowest in Bihar, which is the third-most populated state after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra, with a population of 110 million. Bihar is the only state in the country where couples on average continue to have more than three children, which had led the state’s total fertility rate (TFR) —the average number of births a woman has in her lifetime – stay at a high 3.4, according to National Family Health Survey-4, 2016.
How India’s populations story plays out depends on its young population.(HT Photo)
How India’s populations story plays out depends on its young population.(HT Photo)

Quality education, health services drive family size in India

Hindustan Times, New Delhi | By Sanchita Sharma
UPDATED ON OCT 17, 2018 11:30 AM IST
Real progress happens in states with high literacy and when people regard fertility a conscious choice that they can control. Reliable methods of contraception must also be widely available.
India’s population has doubled since 1971, from 566 million to 1.35 billion in 2016. The total fertility rate in urban India has already fallen below replacement levels of 2.1.(AFP)
India’s population has doubled since 1971, from 566 million to 1.35 billion in 2016. The total fertility rate in urban India has already fallen below replacement levels of 2.1.(AFP)

Shrinking families helped India grow in 1980s-90s

Hindustan Times, New Delhi | By Sanchita Sharma
UPDATED ON OCT 17, 2018 05:58 PM IST
India’s family size has steadily declined and continues to — from 5.2 children per family in 1971 to 2.3 in 2016, which means the family size itself has fallen from 7.2 to 4.3.
Of the 13 districts, Tehri, Pauri and Rudraprayag accounted for the lowest number of male sterilisations last year .(File/Getty Images)
Of the 13 districts, Tehri, Pauri and Rudraprayag accounted for the lowest number of male sterilisations last year .(File/Getty Images)

Sterilisation drive: Women play leading role, men shy away

Hindustan Times, Deharadun | By Nitika Kakkar
UPDATED ON AUG 13, 2018 10:01 PM IST
The health department data show that out of the total sterilisation cases conducted in Uttarakhand last year, there were a little over three percent vasectomy cases
The Union health and family welfare ministry last year launched Mission Parivar Vikas in 145 districts across seven states that have the highest fertility rate.(Getty Images/iStockphoto)
The Union health and family welfare ministry last year launched Mission Parivar Vikas in 145 districts across seven states that have the highest fertility rate.(Getty Images/iStockphoto)

Contraception and women’s empowerment: Here’s how safe, reliable contraceptives are freeing women to earn

Hindustan Times, New Delhi | By HT Correspondent
UPDATED ON JUL 10, 2018 10:04 AM IST
Much like the birth-control pill drove women’s sexual and economic emancipation in the west in the ’60s, modern contraception is quietly changing lives in India.
People at a family planning camp in Rajasthan.(HT File Photo)
People at a family planning camp in Rajasthan.(HT File Photo)
Lead exposure from air and soil is causing infertility among men and women.(Shutterstock)
Lead exposure from air and soil is causing infertility among men and women.(Shutterstock)

Lead exposure is leading to infertility among both men and women

Asian News International | By HT Correspondent
UPDATED ON MAY 23, 2018 02:11 PM IST
Increased lead exposure lowered the fertility rate for women of childbearing age.
An Asha worker gifts ‘shagun’ to a newlywed on behalf of the UP government. The gift is part of Nai Pahal Scheme under the National Health Mission.(HT Photo)
An Asha worker gifts ‘shagun’ to a newlywed on behalf of the UP government. The gift is part of Nai Pahal Scheme under the National Health Mission.(HT Photo)

UP govt’s ‘shagun’ for newly-weds includes condoms, pregnancy test

Hindustan Times, Allahabad | By Smriti Malaviya
UPDATED ON MAY 15, 2018 12:43 PM IST
This shagun is part of Nai Pahal Scheme under the National Health Mission and is aimed at raising awareness about the need of adopting temporary and permanent methods of family planning by young couples.
States in the country’s west, north and east will replicate the south’s demographic performance in the next decades(Representational photo)
States in the country’s west, north and east will replicate the south’s demographic performance in the next decades(Representational photo)

India’s demographic divide is not just north-south, it is happening in the west, east and north

Hindustan Times | By Manoj Nair
PUBLISHED ON APR 16, 2018 12:22 AM IST
In the coming decades, the divide will no longer be north-south, but more complex, demarcating the eastern, western and northern states from the fast-growing central states.
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