Prime Minister Narendra Modi shakes hands with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu during their meeting at the King David hotel in Jerusalem on Wednesday.(AP)
Prime Minister Narendra Modi shakes hands with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu during their meeting at the King David hotel in Jerusalem on Wednesday.(AP)

Israel likely to become India’s largest arms supplier

Here is a short history of India-Israel defence relations.
By Pramit Pal Chaudhury | Hindustan Times, New Delhi
UPDATED ON JUL 05, 2017 09:36 PM IST

India and Israel have had a long and complicated defence relationship, characterised by New Delhi keeping Tel Aviv at arm’s length till the 1990s, when the two established full diplomatic ties. Since then, the two countries have warmed up to each other, though it took 25 years for an Indian prime minister to visit Israel. Here’s a look at the timeline of India and Israel’s defence ties

1962 and 1965
Caught by surprise by China’s attack in 1962, India asked almost everyone for weapons. Israel provided mortars and small arms. In 1965, faced with a US and Soviet arms boycott, India went to Israel again and received similar weaponry. Despite this, New Delhi refused to normalise ties with Israel.

1971
Indira Gandhi asked then Israeli prime minister, Golda Meir, for weapons to help fight Pakistan. Meir agreed, diverting weapons ordered by Iran to India. RAW had the arms shipped to Liechtenstein and then taken by air to India along with a team of Israeli instructors. The weapons were used by Indian soldiers and the Mukti Bahini to liberate Bangladesh. Later, Meir asked for full diplomatic ties, but Gandhi declined.

1983
Israel offered to carry out an aerial strike to destroy the Kahuta reactor and Pakistan’s embryonic nuclear weapons programme. India had only to allow its fighter-bombers to use the Jamnagar air base for refuelling, and Indira Gandhi reportedly agreed to the attack in March 1984. However, the CIA got wind of the attack and warned Pakistan, which in turn warned India that it would bomb the Trombay reactor in retaliation. India aborted the mission.

1991
Israel stepped in after the Soviet collapse to provide avionics to India’s MiG 21 bis fleet. Russia objected but lacked the technology and delivery skills of the Israelis. This began a continuing tradition of India mating Russian bodies to Israeli brains. Whether it is the Sukhois or the Brahmos cruise missile, the Russian airframes and engines are mated to Israeli radar and electronic systems. It helps that the Israelis are well versed with Russian weapons -- having captured so many when they defeated various Arab armies.

1992
Former Prime Minister PV Narasimha Rao established full diplomatic ties with Israel, part of a larger Indian push to move closer to the Western camp after the Soviet Union’s collapse. But Rao was later to tell Israeli diplomats that, for him, the main motive was to find an alternative source of arms for India at a time when its Soviet arsenal was immobilised by a lack of spares and the US continued to impose sanctions on India.

1996
Then Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres called in at the then Indian ambassador and outlined the nuclear doctrine of Israel. Both recognised remarkable similarities in their respective nuclear strategies. Israel provided its technology to stabilise its warheads, a problem that had afflicted small nuclear arsenals. Cooperation has expanded since then. “Today such technical assistance is just the tip of the iceberg,” a senior Israeli official said.

1999
Israel technicians were flown in during the Kargil War to install Litening targeting pods on the Indian Air Force’s Mirage jets. The lack of targeting equipment made it difficult for India to hit Pakistani targets in the mountains and post-Pokhran II sanctions, made it impossible to get such equipment from elsewhere. The pods helped India convert its 1000 dumb bombs into laser-guided munitions.

2000
The US vetoed the Israeli sale of Phalcon early warning aircraft to China. Israel complained that without such big ticket exports, it could not sustain its domestic arms industry. Bruce Riedel and Ken Lieberthal of the Clinton administration recommended that Israel consider India as an alternative. A few years later, India agreed to a $1 billion plus deal for the Phalcon, the accompanying Green Pine radar and the rights to use the Israeli Ofek 6 military reconnaissance satellite when it passes over South Asia.

2007
Indian special forces inducted the Israeli Tavor assault rifle, now part of the standard arsenal of many Indian security forces. There were complaints about its reliability under certain Indian climatic conditions, but Tavor’s maker signed a joint venture with Punj Lloyd and the rifle may be made in India.

2009
The Barak 8 air defence system was sold to India for $1.1 billion. Israel agreed to make this an India-Israel co-production product and by 2010, the Barak ll was being produced with what the DRDO claimed were 70% Indian parts. It was tested on the INS Kolkata and will soon be fitted on all major ships of the Indian Navy, with the Israeli Navy planning to do the same. The Barak is now cited as a model for bilateral military cooperation.

2015
India proved to be among the best customers for Israel’s drone industry. In 2015, India had a fleet of 176 Israeli-made UAVs, and in 2017, India has the largest fleet of Israeli drones in the world – even larger than Israel’s. India is expected to purchase its first set of armed Heron drones from Israel this year — a UAV especially adapted to fight in Kashmir’s climate and altitude.

2012-2016
Israeli arms exports to India grew steadily during this period. India, according to the SIPRI arms database, was the destination to 41% of these exports — by far the largest client for the Israeli defence industry. Israeli firms clocked up $1 billion a year in sales to India on average. In fiscal 2016-17, if India goes through with the Spike anti-tank missile deal, Israel will be for the first time the largest arms supplier to India.

2017
A few months after Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit, Indian Air Force fighters will join Israel and five Nato air forces in the so-called Blue Flag joint air force exercises. This will be the first time that the Indian military will be publicly holding such manoeuvres with their Israeli counterparts.

SHARE THIS ARTICLE ON
Close
Manhattan district attorneys face a “constant balancing act,” said George Arzt, a longtime New York political consultant. “(AFP file photo. Representative image)
Manhattan district attorneys face a “constant balancing act,” said George Arzt, a longtime New York political consultant. “(AFP file photo. Representative image)

As crime rises, New York prosecutor candidates vow to rein in office

Posted by Harshit Sabarwal | Bloomberg
PUBLISHED ON MAR 08, 2021 06:59 PM IST
Whoever wins the June 22 Democratic primary is likely to shake up the office, to which only three White men have been elected in the past 79 years. The person will also take over the investigation that could turn into the office’s most historic prosecution -- that of Donald Trump.
Close
Year 11 students, wearing face coverings, take part in a GCSE science class at Park Lane Academy in Halifax, northwest England on March 8, 2021. (AFP)
Year 11 students, wearing face coverings, take part in a GCSE science class at Park Lane Academy in Halifax, northwest England on March 8, 2021. (AFP)

Covid-19 in UK: Students back to school after 2 months of closure

Posted by Harshit Sabarwal | AP
PUBLISHED ON MAR 08, 2021 06:51 PM IST
As part of the plan, millions of high school and college students coming back to UK classrooms will be tested for the first few weeks. Authorities want to quickly detect and isolate asymptomatic cases in order to avoid sending entire schools home.
Close
Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his wife Asma (Syrian Presidency Facebook page / AFP)
Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his wife Asma (Syrian Presidency Facebook page / AFP)

Syria's president Bashar al-Assad and his wife test positive for Covid-19

AP
UPDATED ON MAR 08, 2021 06:28 PM IST
Syria has recorded nearly 16,000 virus cases in government-held parts of the country, as well as 1,063 deaths, but the numbers are believed to be much higher with limited amounts of PCR tests being done.
Close
Germany’s vaccine campaign has lagged behind Britain and the United States.(AP)
Germany’s vaccine campaign has lagged behind Britain and the United States.(AP)

Germany ramps up use of AstraZeneca coronavirus vaccine

Posted by Harshit Sabarwal | AP
PUBLISHED ON MAR 08, 2021 06:18 PM IST
Hundreds of thousands of doses have been gathering dust in recent weeks due to the restrictions on who could get the vaccine and misgivings among some who were eligible.
Close
Qatar's Foreign Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al-Thani (2nd-R) greeting Saudi Arabia's Foreign Minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan Al-Saud (L) upon arrival in Qatar.(AFP)
Qatar's Foreign Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al-Thani (2nd-R) greeting Saudi Arabia's Foreign Minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan Al-Saud (L) upon arrival in Qatar.(AFP)

Saudi foreign minister meets Qatar's emir Hamad al-Thani in Doha: Report

Reuters, Dubai
PUBLISHED ON MAR 08, 2021 06:14 PM IST
QNA said the prince delivered a verbal message from Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud on enhancing bilateral ties as well as on regional and international developments.
Close
Harry and Meghan interviewed by Oprah Winfrey.(Reuters)
Harry and Meghan interviewed by Oprah Winfrey.(Reuters)

Meghan, Harry call out British media in Oprah interview. Tabloids react

By hindustantimes.com | Edited by Mallika Soni, Hindustan Times, New Delhi
UPDATED ON MAR 08, 2021 06:36 PM IST
  • During the two-hour conversation, Meghan opened up about her life as a member of the British royal family, concerns raised by its members with respect to the colour of their baby’s skin and the intense media scrutiny they faced.
Close
A Hennes & Mauritz (H&M) store in Germany is seen in this file picture. H&M was extremely concerned about the situation in the country and that it was in dialogue with UN agencies, diplomatic representatives, human rights experts, trade unions and other multinational companies.(REUTERS)
A Hennes & Mauritz (H&M) store in Germany is seen in this file picture. H&M was extremely concerned about the situation in the country and that it was in dialogue with UN agencies, diplomatic representatives, human rights experts, trade unions and other multinational companies.(REUTERS)

Fashion giant H&M pauses placing orders in Myanmar, says extremely concerned

Reuters, Stockholm
PUBLISHED ON MAR 08, 2021 06:06 PM IST
H&M has around 45 direct suppliers in Myanmar, it said on its website, and has sourced in the country for seven years.
Close
This TVGE made from video shows smoke rising over the blast site at a military barracks in Bata, Equatorial Guinea, Sunday.(AP)
This TVGE made from video shows smoke rising over the blast site at a military barracks in Bata, Equatorial Guinea, Sunday.(AP)

At least 20 dead, 600 wounded in Equatorial Guinea blasts

AP
PUBLISHED ON MAR 08, 2021 06:06 PM IST
  • President Teodoro Obiang Nguema said the explosion at 4pm local time was due to the “negligent handling of dynamite” in the military barracks located in the neighborhood of Mondong Nkuantoma in Bata.
Close
In this image from a video, Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen adjusts her face mask while delivering a speech to the servicemembers of the 131st Flotilla in the northern port of Keelung, Taiwan.(AP)
In this image from a video, Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen adjusts her face mask while delivering a speech to the servicemembers of the 131st Flotilla in the northern port of Keelung, Taiwan.(AP)

Taiwan President Tsai visits naval base amid Chinese threats

AP
PUBLISHED ON MAR 08, 2021 06:03 PM IST
  • In remarks during her visit to the 131st Flotilla in the northern port of Keelung, Tsai said the bravery of servicemembers “demonstrated the determination of Taiwan’s national armed forces to defend the sovereignty of our country.”
Close
A health worker fills a syringe with a diluent for with the Pfizer-BioNTech Covid-19 vaccine at the Senja-Cashew Community Centre Vaccination Centre, operated by Thomson Medical, in Singapore, on Monday(Bloomberg)
A health worker fills a syringe with a diluent for with the Pfizer-BioNTech Covid-19 vaccine at the Senja-Cashew Community Centre Vaccination Centre, operated by Thomson Medical, in Singapore, on Monday(Bloomberg)

Migrant workers brought under the ambit of vaccination drive in Singapore

PTI, Singapore
PUBLISHED ON MAR 08, 2021 05:59 PM IST
  • The migrant workers, which include a huge number of Indians, make up about 90 per cent of Singapore's Covid-19 tally, which stands at 60,046. The death toll is 29.
Close
In picture - People attend the funeral of Angel a 19-year-old protester also known as Kyal Sin who was shot in the head as Myanmar forces opened fire to disperse an anti-coup demonstration in Mandalay on March 4.(Reuters)
In picture - People attend the funeral of Angel a 19-year-old protester also known as Kyal Sin who was shot in the head as Myanmar forces opened fire to disperse an anti-coup demonstration in Mandalay on March 4.(Reuters)

Myanmar protestors begin national strike, vows to defeat military

Bloomberg
PUBLISHED ON MAR 08, 2021 05:55 PM IST
Thousands of demonstrators hit the streets in Yangon and Mandalay, Myanmar’s biggest cities, as well as other cities to keep up momentum for the pro-democracy movement.
Close
Mathawee Sithijirawattanakul, sister of anti-government protester Panusaya "Roong" Sithijirawattanakul, reacts after her sister was denied bail and transferred to prison after being charged with insulting the monarchy, at the Criminal court in Bangkok, Thailand.(Reuters)
Mathawee Sithijirawattanakul, sister of anti-government protester Panusaya "Roong" Sithijirawattanakul, reacts after her sister was denied bail and transferred to prison after being charged with insulting the monarchy, at the Criminal court in Bangkok, Thailand.(Reuters)

Thailand charges more activists with sedition, royal insults

AP
PUBLISHED ON MAR 08, 2021 05:17 PM IST
  • The sedition charges, which carry a maximum penalty of up to seven years in prison, stem from an antigovernment rally in September, though details on the alleged offenses were not immediately clear.
Close
First lady Dr Jill Biden. (AP)
First lady Dr Jill Biden. (AP)

Jill Biden helps honor women from 15 countries for courage

AP
PUBLISHED ON MAR 08, 2021 05:16 PM IST
The 21 women being recognized Monday with the department's International Women of Courage Award include seven from Afghanistan who are receiving posthumous honors.
Close
A Facebook logo is displayed on a smartphone.(Reuters)
A Facebook logo is displayed on a smartphone.(Reuters)

Russia slams Facebook over blocking media content

Reuters
PUBLISHED ON MAR 08, 2021 05:04 PM IST
Communications watchdog Roskomnadzor at the weekend threatened Facebook with a minimum 1 million rouble ($13,433) fine and demanded it restore access to content posted by TASS news agency, RBC business daily and Vzglyad newspaper.
Close
In a statement issued late Sunday, the EBA confirmed the attack on its email systems which it had decided to take offline "as a precautionary measure."(Getty Images/iStockphoto)
In a statement issued late Sunday, the EBA confirmed the attack on its email systems which it had decided to take offline "as a precautionary measure."(Getty Images/iStockphoto)

EU's financial regulator hit by Microsoft email hack, takes down email system

AFP
PUBLISHED ON MAR 08, 2021 04:55 PM IST
Microsoft said last week that a state-sponsored group operating out of China was exploiting previously unknown security flaws in its Exchange email services to steal data from business and government users, believed to number in tens of thousands so far.
Close
SHARE
Story Saved
OPEN APP