Human space flight: 306 missions, 3 nations, 560 astronauts
Here are the basic definitions and numbers that you need to know on the occasion of Human Space Flight day.world Updated: Apr 13, 2015 00:43 IST
Here are the basic definitions and numbers that you need to know on the occasion of Human Space Flight day.
What is a Human Space Flight?
Any spaceflight with a human crew is called a human space flight.
As of today there have been 306 human space flights.
Space flights which does not include a human crew are called unmanned space flights. Unmanned flights fall under two categories. First - animal space flights, in which animals were sent on space missions in earlier days as an experiment, and second - remote controlled flights, in which the missions are controlled from the ground.
Who is an astronaut?
Any person who passes the Kármán line - an imaginary line at an altitude of 100 km from earth's surface - is called an Astronaut.
There are 560 people who have been trained as astronauts (includes cosmonauts, spationauts and Taikonauts). 525 of them have been on space missions.
Only three nations - United States, USSR/Russia, China - have till now carried out and are capable of human space flight missions, although astronauts from 38 countries have travelled in them.
The following graphs plot all the space flight missions.
The following is a complete list of all the human space flight missions carried out till now. The list which was originally published by www.braeunig.us/ contains name of the spacecraft, crew, launch date, return date, duration and also remarks on the flight.The following is a list of the first space traveller from from each country. The list uses the nationality of travellers at the time of launch. It was originally composed by CBSNEWS network.
Edited by : Abhishek Saha (
) | Written by : Vignesh Radhakrishnan (
First Published: Apr 12, 2015 22:17 IST