Alarming fall in underground water level

CITY AND its neighbouring rural segments are facing acute problem of falling underground water level due to unchecked water exploitation and failure to implement the water recharging schemes. According to a report of the Survey of India topo-sheet number 63, the schemes for roof top rain water harvesting and preserving the water in ponds and other water conservation sources were lying idle throughout the State and people were drilling the ground and wasting water as per their unchecked requirements .

india Updated: Jun 19, 2006 00:21 IST

CITY AND its neighbouring rural segments are facing acute problem of falling underground water level due to unchecked water exploitation and failure to implement the water recharging schemes. According to a report of the Survey of India topo-sheet number 63, the schemes for roof top rain water harvesting and preserving the water in ponds and other water conservation sources were lying idle throughout the State and people were drilling the ground and wasting water as per their unchecked requirements .

Studies conducted by the Irrigation departments also revealed that if timely action was not initiated, the whole district would be reeling under water famine-like conditions in the next few years. The studies revealed that the level of underground water had gone down by eight to 15 metres in various parts of the urban and rural areas . The fall in the water level was caused due to excessive exploitation of underground water to meet the potable water demand of the city. Earlier, the water needs of the city were met through the Ganga water.

But with the change in the main current of the river, the city was facing acute water crisis. The only way to meet the water requirement was installing of hand-pumps and submersible pumps on roads and in residential and industrial areas.

Recently, the government had identified 56 prominent places for monitoring the water level and to suggest the measures for checking it. It was found that water level was going down by 0.45 meter each year.

On the other hand, the water quality in many parts of the city had also deteriorated. According to a report of the Central Underground Water Board, the upper layer of the underground water in Phoolbagh, Bhajjapurva, Panki, Ganga Ganj , GT Road, Rawtapur, Rakhi Mandi and in Chakarpur was highly infected with floride contents. Floride has been noticed from 1.60 to 2.2 milligram per liter of water against the permissible limits of 1.5 milligrams in a liter of water.

In the industrial areas, chromium content in the underground water was found beyond the permissible limits, which raised apprehensions of the spread of diseases.

First Published: Jun 19, 2006 00:21 IST